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k'sVikingnotes - o Notes o Scriptorium/Scriptoria a place...

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o Notes – 9/25/06 o Scriptorium/Scriptoria – a place where texts were copied by hand o Runes o Parchment/Vellum – made from lamb/calf skin; what important texts were written on o “Kings’ Sagas” - Earliest sagas written about the kings of Norway o Saga – means “to say” - Based on oral tradition - Don’t look at them as factual and only source of information of something - Includes rules/conduct, verses of skaldic poetry Scaldic poetry – tightly constructed poetry within rhyme scheme and alliteration o “Bishops’ Sagas” o “Sagas’ of the Icelanders” – Tend to depict “the settlement period” (870-930) about Iceland - Regarded as reliable history o “Mythic-Heroic Sagas” – sagas of old times - Set in settlement period - Deal with characters from Germanic texts o “Saga of the Sterlungs” – family that lived in the 1200s - Depict the breakdown of society o “Nid” – the worst insult that can be made according to Icelandic sagas/law - Means a guy is unmanly because the man was penetrated by another man o Technology came from the church o First text written in Latin o Sagas were written after the time that they talk about. o Icelanders converted to Christianity around 1000
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- adapted Latin to their Icelandic language o Exposing children - Leaving the child to die in nature Notes – 9/27/06 o Roman Catholicim - Western Church o Byzantine/Orthodox Church - The Great Schism (1054) – church split officially - Was moving in 2 diff. directions during Viking Age - Norway and Denmark – traded/raided west - Sweden – traded/raided east Ran into this religion o Islam (Caliphate of Bagdad, etc.) - Ran into Vikings because they traded with each other o Judaism (Khazars) - Related to ppl living in turkey - The Elite were ppl practicing Judaism “Rus” = leader in Viking society “Khagans = leaders in Judaism society o Shamanistic religions - Sami, Finns, etc. - Intermarrage??! Woo maybe? - Influenced Vikings the most - Traded skins with them - Nominally Christianized – In name only Baptized!!!!!!!!!!!!! o **How do we know about their religion!?** o Adam of Bremen – priest living in N. Germany - He wrote History of Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen C. 1070 - Contemporary - About Sweden… but he never visited their! HE saiiiid… Temple of Uppsala decorated w/ golden chains and surrounded by mountains
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3 important gods Wotan – God call on for War (furious) Thor – God call on for weather/famine/disease (pride) Fricco – God for a priest for weddings (large penis) - Battle between emperors of Germany and the Pope - Good source but use carefully o Rimbert - Wrote Life of St. Ansgar C. 870 We THINK Rimbert accompanied S. Ansgar to Birka St. Ansgar – missionary who went in 839 and converted ppl to Christianity - Somewhat an accurate source o Ibn Fadlan C.920 - Envoy from Baghdad - Met ppl he refered to as “Rus” (Vikings who were active in Russia) - Described funeral ritual Slave was selected to die with him (and raped and choked and stabbed) Put into a ship and set it on fire o
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