k'sVikingnotes

k'sVikingnotes - o Notes 9/25/06 o Scriptorium/Scriptoria a...

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Unformatted text preview: o Notes 9/25/06 o Scriptorium/Scriptoria a place where texts were copied by hand o Runes o Parchment/Vellum made from lamb/calf skin; what important texts were written on o Kings Sagas - Earliest sagas written about the kings of Norway o Saga means to say- Based on oral tradition- Dont look at them as factual and only source of information of something- Includes rules/conduct, verses of skaldic poetry Scaldic poetry tightly constructed poetry within rhyme scheme and alliteration o Bishops Sagas o Sagas of the Icelanders Tend to depict the settlement period (870-930) about Iceland- Regarded as reliable history o Mythic-Heroic Sagas sagas of old times- Set in settlement period- Deal with characters from Germanic texts o Saga of the Sterlungs family that lived in the 1200s - Depict the breakdown of society o Nid the worst insult that can be made according to Icelandic sagas/law- Means a guy is unmanly because the man was penetrated by another man o Technology came from the church o First text written in Latin o Sagas were written after the time that they talk about. o Icelanders converted to Christianity around 1000 - adapted Latin to their Icelandic language o Exposing children- Leaving the child to die in nature Notes 9/27/06 o Roman Catholicim- Western Church o Byzantine/Orthodox Church- The Great Schism (1054) church split officially- Was moving in 2 diff. directions during Viking Age- Norway and Denmark traded/raided west- Sweden traded/raided east Ran into this religion o Islam (Caliphate of Bagdad, etc.)- Ran into Vikings because they traded with each other o Judaism (Khazars)- Related to ppl living in turkey- The Elite were ppl practicing Judaism Rus = leader in Viking society Khagans = leaders in Judaism society o Shamanistic religions- Sami, Finns, etc.- Intermarrage??! Woo maybe?- Influenced Vikings the most- Traded skins with them- Nominally Christianized In name only Baptized!!!!!!!!!!!!! o **How do we know about their religion!?** o Adam of Bremen priest living in N. Germany- He wrote History of Archbishops of Hamburg- Bremen C. 1070- Contemporary- About Sweden but he never visited their! HE saiiiid Temple of Uppsala decorated w/ golden chains and surrounded by mountains 3 important gods Wotan God call on for War (furious) Thor God call on for weather/famine/disease (pride) Fricco God for a priest for weddings (large penis)- Battle between emperors of Germany and the Pope- Good source but use carefully o Rimbert- Wrote Life of St. Ansgar C. 870 We THINK Rimbert accompanied S. Ansgar to Birka St. Ansgar missionary who went in 839 and converted ppl to Christianity- Somewhat an accurate source o Ibn Fadlan C.920- Envoy from Baghdad- Met ppl he refered to as Rus (Vikings who were active in Russia)- Described funeral ritual Slave was selected to die with him (and raped and...
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k'sVikingnotes - o Notes 9/25/06 o Scriptorium/Scriptoria a...

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