PoliSci midterm review

PoliSci midterm review - Constraint-the interconnectedness...

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Constraint— the interconnectedness of ideas, binds together a belief system. What goes with what. Success we would have in predicting. More constraints=more politically active Levels of Conception—citizens capable of expressing real opinions on govt policy, options that are systemically rooted in teir interests, soicla attatchments and political values Cognitive Economy— humans are cognitive misers, want most bang for buck, rational people rely on good tools to make good decisions efficiently . Information Shortcuts— Heuristics. Rules that help us ficure thigns out. Simplifications that help us find soulutions to problems. Cues or symbols we rely on to provide info about something else. Help us make decisions under conditions of uncertainty Issue publics— attitudes about group, most stable over time . self interest tied up in group. Linked fate. Still must know who is running, where they stand. Groups that focus on particular issue Bounded Rationality- perfectly rational decisions are often not feasible because of the finite computational resources used to make them. Other things affect decisions. We are not perfetly rational. Simon from cognitive psych. Vs global rationality from economics Excected Utility- value anticipated from specific outcome. People seek to maximize it Prospect Theory— psycologically realistic alternative to expected utility theory developed by kaneman and traversky. Measure according to reference point kahneman and traversky Asian Disease Experiment— tversky and khaneman mortality vs survival formats. Druckman’s Manipulation of the Asian disease experiment— shows influence of parties on people’s preferences Risk Aversion vs Risk Seeking risk averse does not want to gamble and will taje an coutcome less than that offered by outcome because it is safe. Risk seeking will look for higher stakes with the hopes of procuring a greater outcome Framing— how a question is asked, in what context it’s put kinder and Herzog, converse, tversky says it matters Motivated Reasoning— fischle, Taber ( arrive at conclusions most pleasing rather than whats dictated by evidence before them Directional Goals— when someone wants to arrive at a predetermined answer, largely due to their
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PoliSci midterm review - Constraint-the interconnectedness...

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