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Running head: OSTEOPOROSIS 1 Osteoporosis Kabita Rijal Baltimore City Community College Dr. Anil Malaki Bio 202-7828 November 13, 2019
OSTEOPOROSIS 2 Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is generated from a Greek word in which “osteo” means bone and “por” means porous. Osteoporosis makes bone weak and fragile that it can break easily. It is a serious disease that usually occurs at the elderly age to both men and women. The bones that are easily breakable during this disease are mostly hip, spine, wrist. Even a small movement can make bone fracture easily such as bending over or coughing. According to many studies, approximately one in two females and up to one in four males who are fifty or older breaks bone due to osteoporosis. According to some articles, they are categorized as primary, secondary, osteogenesis imperfecta, and idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis. Primary osteoporosis is age- related and occurs mostly to women who are in menopause. Secondary osteoporosis occurs due to the medical condition such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, leukemia. It might be caused due to the medication used to treat other diseases which causes the bones to breakdown. This type of osteoporosis may occur at any age. Osteogenesis imperfecta is seen at birth and is a very rare condition. Idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis is very rare and occurs to the children who are between the age of 8 to 14. There were many types of research done concerning this condition. Many medical professionals and researchers over centuries contributed to finding what it was. The person who first discovered it by the name of this disease was sir Astley Paston Cooper who was an English physician, anatomist, and surgeon. He was born on August 23rd, 1768. Bone is the part of our body that grows from our childhood through adulthood. Our bone is produced more than it is a loss. In the growing process of the bone, there is a time where the limitation comes which is known as peak bone density mass. The body fails to form new bones and continues to absorb the old bones. After this phase occurs our bone stops growing and either remains constant or slowly decline which leads to weakening of the bone and results in osteoporosis in later life. Our bones have two types of structures which are cortical bone and spongy bone. The outside hard part or layer makes up the skull and ribs of our body whereas spongy bone is found inside the end of long bones such as thigh bone or femur. Normal bone has cortical on the shaft and spongy bone inside. In the bone with osteoporosis, the density and structure are less in the

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