NetBackup7.6_Admin.Guide_VMware.pdf - Symantec NetBackup\u2122 for VMware Administrator's Guide Release 7.6 Symantec NetBackup\u2122 for VMware Guide The

NetBackup7.6_Admin.Guide_VMware.pdf - Symantec...

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Unformatted text preview: Symantec NetBackup™ for VMware Administrator's Guide Release 7.6 Symantec NetBackup™ for VMware Guide The software described in this book is furnished under a license agreement and may be used only in accordance with the terms of the agreement. Documentation version: 7.6 Legal Notice Copyright © 2013 Symantec Corporation. All rights reserved. Symantec, the Symantec Logo, the Checkmark Logo and are trademarks or registered trademarks of Symantec Corporation or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. This Symantec product may contain third party software for which Symantec is required to provide attribution to the third party (“Third Party Programs”). Some of the Third Party Programs are available under open source or free software licenses. The License Agreement accompanying the Software does not alter any rights or obligations you may have under those open source or free software licenses. Please see the Third Party Legal Notice Appendix to this Documentation or TPIP ReadMe File accompanying this Symantec product for more information on the Third Party Programs. The product described in this document is distributed under licenses restricting its use, copying, distribution, and decompilation/reverse engineering. No part of this document may be reproduced in any form by any means without prior written authorization of Symantec Corporation and its licensors, if any. THE DOCUMENTATION IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ALL EXPRESS OR IMPLIED CONDITIONS, REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGEMENT, ARE DISCLAIMED, EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THAT SUCH DISCLAIMERS ARE HELD TO BE LEGALLY INVALID. SYMANTEC CORPORATION SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH THE FURNISHING, PERFORMANCE, OR USE OF THIS DOCUMENTATION. THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENTATION IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. The Licensed Software and Documentation are deemed to be commercial computer software as defined in FAR 12.212 and subject to restricted rights as defined in FAR Section 52.227-19 "Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights" and DFARS 227.7202, "Rights in Commercial Computer Software or Commercial Computer Software Documentation", as applicable, and any successor regulations. Any use, modification, reproduction release, performance, display or disclosure of the Licensed Software and Documentation by the U.S. Government shall be solely in accordance with the terms of this Agreement. Symantec Corporation 350 Ellis Street Mountain View, CA 94043 Printed in the United States of America. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Technical Support Symantec Technical Support maintains support centers globally. Technical Support’s primary role is to respond to specific queries about product features and functionality. The Technical Support group also creates content for our online Knowledge Base. The Technical Support group works collaboratively with the other functional areas within Symantec to answer your questions in a timely fashion. For example, the Technical Support group works with Product Engineering and Symantec Security Response to provide alerting services and virus definition updates. Symantec’s support offerings include the following: ■ A range of support options that give you the flexibility to select the right amount of service for any size organization ■ Telephone and/or Web-based support that provides rapid response and up-to-the-minute information ■ Upgrade assurance that delivers software upgrades ■ Global support purchased on a regional business hours or 24 hours a day, 7 days a week basis ■ Premium service offerings that include Account Management Services For information about Symantec’s support offerings, you can visit our Web site at the following URL: All support services will be delivered in accordance with your support agreement and the then-current enterprise technical support policy. Contacting Technical Support Customers with a current support agreement may access Technical Support information at the following URL: Before contacting Technical Support, make sure you have satisfied the system requirements that are listed in your product documentation. Also, you should be at the computer on which the problem occurred, in case it is necessary to replicate the problem. When you contact Technical Support, please have the following information available: ■ Product release level ■ Hardware information ■ Available memory, disk space, and NIC information ■ Operating system ■ Version and patch level ■ Network topology ■ Router, gateway, and IP address information ■ Problem description: ■ Error messages and log files ■ Troubleshooting that was performed before contacting Symantec ■ Recent software configuration changes and network changes Licensing and registration If your Symantec product requires registration or a license key, access our technical support Web page at the following URL: Customer service Customer service information is available at the following URL: Customer Service is available to assist with non-technical questions, such as the following types of issues: ■ Questions regarding product licensing or serialization ■ Product registration updates, such as address or name changes ■ General product information (features, language availability, local dealers) ■ Latest information about product updates and upgrades ■ Information about upgrade assurance and support contracts ■ Information about the Symantec Buying Programs ■ Advice about Symantec's technical support options ■ Nontechnical presales questions ■ Issues that are related to CD-ROMs, DVDs, or manuals Support agreement resources If you want to contact Symantec regarding an existing support agreement, please contact the support agreement administration team for your region as follows: Asia-Pacific and Japan [email protected] Europe, Middle-East, and Africa [email protected] North America and Latin America [email protected] Contents Technical Support ............................................................................................... 4 Chapter 1 Introduction ......................................................................... 15 About NetBackup for VMware ......................................................... New features for VMware in NetBackup 7.6 ....................................... Upgrade guidelines for the VMware policy type ................................... VCB no longer supported ............................................................... File-level backup of Windows virtual machines ................................... About the virtual machine backups that include database data ............... About the NetBackup appliance as a VMware backup host ................... NetBackup for VMware components ................................................. Appliance as backup host: component overview ................................. Media servers as backup or discovery hosts ...................................... Overview of the VMware backup process .......................................... NetBackup for VMware license requirement ....................................... NetBackup for VMware terminology ................................................. Chapter 2 15 16 17 17 18 18 18 19 22 23 24 25 25 Required tasks: overview ................................................... 29 Overview of VMware tasks ............................................................. 29 Overview of NetBackup tasks ......................................................... 30 Chapter 3 Notes and prerequisites .................................................... 32 NetBackup for VMware prerequisites ................................................ NetBackup for VMware: notes and restrictions .................................... NetBackup for VMware: notes on Linux virtual machines ...................... Notes on the NetBackup appliance as a VMware backup host ............... NetBackup character restrictions for virtual machine display names and other vSphere objects ........................................................ NetBackup does not recognize upper vs. lower case in display names ................................................................................. Notes on the hotadd transport mode ................................................. 32 33 36 37 37 38 39 Contents Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Configure NetBackup communication with VMware ........................................................................... 41 Adding the VMware backup host to NetBackup ................................... Adding NetBackup credentials for VMware ........................................ Changing the host name of a VMware server in NetBackup .................. Setting privileges for posting events to vCenter ................................... Authentication token for the NetBackup vCenter plug-in ....................... Web Services and the NetBackup vCenter plug-in ............................... Setting global limits on the use of VMware resources ........................... 41 42 46 47 48 48 48 Configure NetBackup policies for VMware .................... 51 Configuring a VMware policy from the Policy Wizard ........................... Configuring a VMware policy from the Policies utility ............................ Limit jobs per policy on the Attributes tab (for VMware) ........................ Backup options on the VMware tab .................................................. VMware backup host ............................................................... Optimizations options (VMware) ................................................ Primary VM identifier options (VMware) ...................................... Orphaned snapshot handling options (VMware) ............................ Transport modes options (VMware) ............................................ Application protection options (VMware) ...................................... VMware - Advanced Attributes dialog ......................................... About the Exclude disk options for Virtual disk selection ................. Virtual disk selection options: examples to avoid ........................... Restoring data from the backups that excluded the boot disk or data disks ....................................................................... Browse for VMware Virtual Machines ............................................... Limiting the VMware servers that NetBackup searches when browsing for virtual machines ................................................................. Virtual machine host names and display names must be unique in a master server's policies ........................................................... Primary VM identifier option and manual selection of virtual machines .............................................................................. About incremental backups of virtual machines ................................... Configuring incremental backups ..................................................... Storage Foundation Volume Manager volumes in the virtual machine ............................................................................... About older NetBackup policies and pre-7.x backup hosts .................... 51 52 56 56 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 67 69 69 69 73 75 76 77 77 78 78 8 Contents Chapter 6 Configure automatic selection of virtual machines for backup ....................................................................... 79 About automatic virtual machine selection for NetBackup for VMware ................................................................................ 80 The basics of a NetBackup query rule ............................................... 81 Important notes on automatic virtual machine selection ........................ 82 NetBackup requirements for automatic virtual machine selection ............ 85 Automatic virtual machine selection: Task overview ............................. 85 Options for selecting VMware virtual machines ................................... 86 Configuring automatic virtual machine selection .................................. 89 Editing an existing query in Basic Mode ............................................ 92 Using the Query Builder in Advanced Mode ....................................... 92 AND vs. OR in queries .................................................................. 94 Examples for the NetBackup Query Builder ....................................... 95 The IsSet operator in queries .......................................................... 96 About selecting virtual machines by means of multiple policies .............. 97 Order of operations in queries (precedence rules) ............................... 98 Parentheses in compound queries ................................................. 100 Query rules for resource pools ....................................................... 100 Query rules for datacenter folders (host folder) ................................. 102 Query rules for duplicate names .................................................... 103 Query Builder field reference ......................................................... 104 Test Query screen ....................................................................... 111 Test Query: Failed virtual machines ................................................ 113 Effect of Primary VM identifier parameter on Selection column in Test Query results ....................................................................... 114 Effect of Primary VM identifier parameter on VM Name column in Test query results ........................................................................ 116 Chapter 7 Reduce the size of backups ............................................. 118 About reducing the size of VMware backups .................................... 118 Block-level backup (BLIB): full vs incremental ................................... 119 Deleting a vSphere Client snapshot ................................................ 120 Chapter 8 Back up virtual machines ................................................ 122 Backing up virtual machines .......................................................... Using the Activity Monitor to monitor virtual machine backups .............. Restarting jobs individually in the Activity Monitor .............................. Viewing NetBackup activity in vSphere Client ................................... Using OpsCenter to report on virtual machine backups ....................... 122 124 126 126 129 9 Contents Chapter 9 Virtual machine backups using the Accelerator ......... 130 About the NetBackup Accelerator for virtual machines ........................ Accelerator: full vs. incremental schedules ....................................... How the NetBackup Accelerator works with virtual machines ............... Accelerator notes and requirements for virtual machines ..................... Accelerator forced rescan for virtual machines (schedule attribute) ............................................................................. Accelerator requires the OptimizedImage attribute ............................ Accelerator backups and the NetBackup catalog ............................... Accelerator messages in the backup job details log ........................... NetBackup logs for Accelerator with virtual machines ......................... Chapter 10 134 135 135 136 136 Restore virtual machines ................................................. 138 Restore notes and restrictions ....................................................... Restore notes and restrictions on Linux ........................................... Restoring the full VMware virtual machine ........................................ Virtual Machine Recovery dialog boxes (restore to original location) ........................................................................ Virtual Machine Recovery dialogs boxes (restore to alternate location) ........................................................................ About restore of individual files ...................................................... Restoring individual files ............................................................... Setting up NetBackup Client Service for restore to a Windows shared virtual machine drive ............................................. Browse and search virtual machines for restore ................................ Search virtual machine clients by client name or query ................. Browse the vCloud or vSphere view for virtual machine clients .......................................................................... Virtual machine search results ................................................. About the NetBackup.lost+found directory on Linux ........................... If the recovery host is not at the same NetBackup release level as the backup host ......................................................................... Chapter 11 130 131 132 132 138 141 143 146 150 157 157 159 160 161 163 163 164 165 Restore virtual machines with Instant Recovery ........................................................................ 166 About Instant Recovery for VMware ................................................ Task overview for Instant Recovery for VMware ................................ Performance recommendations for Instant Recovery for VMware ......... Requirements for Instant Recovery for VMware ................................ Notes on Instant Recovery for VMware ........................................... Restarting the Client for NFS service on the restore host .................... 166 168 169 169 171 172 10 Contents Instant Recovery options on the nbrestorevm command ..................... Restoring a virtual machine with Instant Recovery for VMware ............. Restoring a virtual machine to a different location with Instant Recovery for VMware .......................................................................... Restoring individual files with Instant Recovery for VMware while the current virtual machine is running ............................................. Job types for Instant Recovery for VMware ...................................... Reactivating a restored virtual machine with Instant Recovery for VMware .............................................................................. Chapter 12 182 185 188 189 Use NetBackup for vCloud Director ............................... 191 About NetBackup for vCloud Director .............................................. Notes on creating a NetBackup policy for vCloud .............................. Notes on restoring virtual machines into vCloud Director ..................... Restoring virtual machines into vCloud Director ................................ Virtual machine recovery dialog boxes for vCloud Director .................. Recovery Destination dialog box .............................................. Recovery Options dialog box (vCloud Director) ........................... Recovery vApp Options for vCloud Director dialog box (restore to original location) ............................................................. Virtual Machine Options dialog box for vCloud Director ................. Perform Recovery dialog box for vCloud Director ........................ Recovery Options dialog box for vCloud Director (restore to alternate location) ........................................................... Recovery vApp Options for vCloud Director dialog box (restore to alternate location) ........................................................... Select a vApp dialog box ........................................................ Recovery Destination Options for vCloud Director dialog box (restore to alternate location) ............................................. Virtual Machine Options (restor...
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