Psych Study Guide

Psych Study Guide - Psych Study Guide Classical...

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Psych Study Guide 12/03/2008 19:25:00 Classical Conditioning:     Definition     :  when a neutral stimulus comes to elicit a reflexive response when it is  associated with a stimulus that already produces that response o (Example:  ringing bell associated with meat = salivation) Discovered by Ivon  Pavlov o John B.  Watson  and B.F.  Skinner  studied and popularized it Involves process of  “stimulus substitution”: o Definition:      A process of “associated learning” wherein stimuli are associated  and one comes to substitute for another Uses  Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)/Response(UCR)    and  Conditioned  Stimulus(CS)/Response(CR) o Pavlov’s Discovery Diagrammed:  UCS   UCR, CS   CR Principles of CC:     o stimulus generalization :  when one stimulus elicits the same response as  other stimuli (ex: rat, bunny, dog, furry mask) o stimulus discrimination : when one stimulus elicits a different response as  other stimuli (ex: monkey vs. rat, bunny, dog, etc.) o extinction :  process in which the CR is weakened when the CS is repeated  without the UCS Ivon Pavlov:     Discoverer of “Classical Conditioning” Used the “Dog/Salivation” experiment o UCS=meat, UCR=salivation, CS=bell, CR=(learned)salivation B.F. Skinner:    
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Student of Pavlov and Classical Conditioning Made break through of  Operant Conditioning o Definition     : the learning process in which the consequences of an action  determine the likelihood that it will be performed in the future, connected to  reinforcement  and punishment Popularized  Behaviorism John B. Watson:     Created philosophy of  Behaviorism : emphasizes the role environment forces have  on producing behavior Student of Pavlov did experiment on Baby Albert with rat and gong = Classical/Fear Condit. Wilhelm Wundt:     Created philosophy of  Structuralism o Definition:      conscious experience can be studied when it is broken down into  its underlying components or elements, “building blocks” of perception Structuralists use the methodology of  introspectionism o Definition:      looking into yourself and reporting the contents of your thoughts
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSY 202 taught by Professor Henriques during the Spring '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Psych Study Guide - Psych Study Guide Classical...

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