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Running head: PERSONAL COUNSELING THEORY PAPER1Personal Counseling Theory PaperSarah Settles-GuilloryLiberty University Online
PERSONAL COUNSELING THEORY PAPER2AbstractMuch attention has been devoted to research on the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). Many approaches and theoretical models are included under this umbrella. This paper examines my personal emerging counseling theory based upon the Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) developed by Albert Ellis. The basis is to get a better understanding of how the use of REBT can be a mechanism to change the perception of dysfunctional thoughts into positive ones for the Christian client using a biblical worldview. The content of this paper discusses the emotional, biological, and environmental factors that influence distress. The paper will also cover theory based treatment strategies that address key underlying mechanisms for meaningful client change, key treatment strategies for my working theory and their intended outcomes, an integration of a Christian worldview that includes biblical principles, and will present an example of a biblical worldview issue in the theory that requires further study. Keywords: emotions, behaviors, cognitions, Christian worldview, REBT
PERSONAL COUNSELING THEORY PAPER3IntroductionHuman beings are complex creatures, created in the image of God. As much as we are designed in His likeness and perfection, we are also equally flawed. In light of the numerous theoretical approaches introduced during this course, I have developed a personal likeness for REBT. Seligman (2014) describes this methodology as an organized and active approach that focus on the human element during treatment. REBT is rooted in disputing and then modifying distorted thoughts (Seligman, 2014). To effectively implement this strategy, one must consider and understand the client’s emotional, interactive, and perceptive capacities. The BETA model provides an opportunity to examine prominent counseling theories by separating them into four system groups: Background, Emotions, Thoughts, and Actions. Although different in their vantage points, commonalities are present among the theories and across groups. A foundational understanding of all these elements is necessary to the restoration of the client’s physical and emotional well-being as well as their spiritual wholesomeness. Thus, the client’s worldview is equally significant to assist the therapist in doing his or her job effectively. Similarly, my personal counseling theory emerges from the same perspective; that one’s thoughts are the key source of his or her troubles. If a person were able to gain control of or to retrain their mind, then subsequently, their emotions and behaviors would follow to align with the new train of thought. From a biblical perspective, this approach is consistent with the way in which our thoughts guide our behaviors and Christ’s message to his followers to work to live and behave as he did (Philippians 2:5). To get to this point, we are required to put away the things of