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Dominique SterlingOctober 28th, 2019NYC Sociology - Reading ResponsesTue, October 29 – Residential Segregation American Apartheid shows how people of African American decent were treated. AmericanApartheid sheds light on how things were in the twentieth century. The article shows how the black ghettowas created by whites to isolated people of African American decent.As Douglas Massey and Nancy Denton express that this systematic segregation of AfricanAmericans leads inexorably to the creation of underclass communities during periods of economicdownturn. Under conditions of extreme segregation, any increase in the overall rate of black povertyyields a marked increase in the geographic concentration of indigence and the deterioration of social andeconomic conditions in black communities. As ghetto residents adapt to this increasingly harsh environment under a climate of racial isolation,they evolve attitudes, behaviors, and practices that further marginalize their neighborhoods andundermine their chances of success in mainstream American society.Many argue that ghetto residents adapt to this increasingly harsh environment under a climate ofracial isolation, they evolve attitudes, behaviors, and practices that further marginalize theirneighborhoods and undermine their chances of success in mainstream American society.At a deeper level, residential segregation has five different dimensions to it that it is measured by,those are: evenness, exposure, concentration, centralization, and clustering. All of these differentdimensions are measured in different ways, but the most common measurement of residential segregationis done with the dissimilarity index, or the DI.-This was a great read, very informative and makes you think beyond the surface level of things.