Final Exam Guide
1. The Seven Emotions
Emotions are closely related to the functioning of the internal Organs.
If the emotions are extremely intense, abrupt, or persistent, this can lead to dysfunctions in the
Organs and upset in the Yin-Yang balance, producing illness.
The Seven Emotions cause illness by disrupting the flow of Qi and other fundamental textures.
(first affects the heart)
Elation (joy) – the emotional expression of the heart, encourages the flow of Qi and blood.
Symptoms: inability to concentrate, bad effect to heart and lung
Anger – closely linked to the liver, causing a disrupted flow of qi and blood, affects the lung
through stagnation. Symptoms: headache, menstrual irregularities and breast lumps. Tight
and wiry pulse.
Sadness – affects primarily the lung and impedes the flow of Qi, harm the spleen
Symptom: depression and feeling of oppression in the chest, lack of appetite and insomnia.
Worry – harms the spleen through stagnation of Qi, affect the stomach and heart. Symptoms:
anxiety, weak limbs, loss of appetite, ulceration of mouth and lips.
Grief – harms the lung and lead to stagnation of Qi throughout the body. Symptoms: paleness,
difficulty in breathing, listlessness.
Fear – harms the kidney and causes reversal of flow of Qi. Symptoms: inability to control
urination and defecation, bedwetting, deep and thread pulse and desire for solitude.
Fright – caused by a sudden external event. Fear is an extension of timidity; fright is a reaction
to external factors. It harms the heart; disrupts the flow of Qi. Symptoms: startle reflex,
sudden or continual strong palpitations and mental restlessness.
Pestilence – epidemics of infectious disease. (bacterial and viral) It shows consistent
Some Infectious Diseases:
Bubonic Plague [the Black Death] – bacteria
Cholera – bacteria
Great Influenza pandemic of 1917-1918 – virus
HIV/AIDS – virus
Tuberculosis – bacteria
Malaria – parasites
West Nile Virus – Virus
Typhoid – bacteria
Smallpox – virus
Yellow Fever – virus
Injury – caused by mechanical violence, cuts, contusions, strains, burns and frostbite. It
includes skin and muscle wounds, dislocations, ruptured internal organs or fractures if severe.
These wounds can be infected by bacteria. Animal and Insect Bites, parasitic infections.
Dietary Irregularities – caused by irregular food intake; harms the spleen and stomach first;
inhibits ability to digest and transport food and nutrients.
Three types: 1. Volume – food should be eaten in proper amounts at regular times. Too little
food leads to malnutrition and results in impaired flow of Qi. Weakens vital energy; lowers
body resistance to illness. Too much food injuries the stomach and spleen. Leads to gastric
and abdominal pain; loss of appetite; odorous belching; acid reflux; foul-smelling stools. It