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Unformatted text preview: PSYCHOLOGY EXAM 4 Notes Therapy Part 1 (November 13, 2007) Therapists and their training o Clinical psychologists Most are psychologists with a Ph.D. and expertise in research, assessment, and therapy, supplemented by a supervised internship About half work in agencies and institutions, half in private practice o Clinical or Psychiatric Social worker A two-year Master of Social Work graduate program plus postgraduate supervision prepares some social workers to offer psychotherapy, mostly to people with everyday personal and family problems About half have earned the National Association of Social Workers designation of clinical social worker. Not as good at assessment but better at finding resources o Counselors Marriage and family counselors specialize in problems arising from family relations Pastoral counselors provide counseling to countless people Abuse counselors work with substance abusers and with spouse and child abusers and their victims o Psychiatrists Physicians who specialize in the treatment of psychological disorders Not all psychiatrists have had extensive training in psychotherapy, but as M.D.s they can prescribe medications . Thus, they tend to see those with the most serious problems Many have a private practice. History of Treatment o Early treatments were mostly brutal (religious basedhad a demon in them) Psychotherapy o An emotionally charged confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties Types of therapy o Assumptions about Human Nature Theories of Personality Theories of Psychopathology Theory of Psychotherapy Practice of Psychotherapy o Etiology The cause of the disease or trouble Each theory has a different view on the cause of disease/trouble o Psychoanalysis (developed by Freud) The etiology of mental problems is deeply repressed thoughts, feelings, memories, wishes, etc. Put in when it was deemed to be catastrophic All has to do with the unconscious People go to great lengths to keep the repressed material out of consciousness defense mechanisms Resistance o Unconscious defense strategies designed to keep the patient and therapist from understanding the patients problems Freud believed the patients free associations, slips of the tongue, jokes, and dreams, and the therapists interpretation of themreleased previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight Free Association o Allowing the mind to wander o Saying whatever comes to mind o Not censoring yourself in any way Dream Analysis o Patients are trained to remember dreams o Dreams are then analyzed to uncover the latent meaning o Manifest content-you can tell what happened (already been disguised to keep the true meaning of the dream from you) o Latent content- lies under the surface o Some symbols for sexual intercourse Climbing a ladder/staircase...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Jackson during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.
- Fall '08