Exam 2000 - Chapter 5- Getting the Message: Self-...

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Chapter 5- Getting the Message: Self- Confidence Self- Esteem: -how much a person likes, respects, accepts self -sense of worth -value person attaches to him/ herself. Self Esteem Research: -young girls higher self-esteem than boys -reversed at adolescence -gender difference in self-esteem, anxiety, assertiveness -girls worse -as experience loss of: -self-confidence -voice -trust in authority of own experience American Association of University Women (AAUW) how schools short change girls surveyed 3000 girls and boys age 9-15 fifteen girls were lower biggest gap: -self perceived competence -particularly math even if like it self-esteem not lower if: -take a lot of math/science -participate in sports not longitudinal (did not follow all the way through high school and so on) Criticisms of AAUW Study -primary focus: school achievement -interpretation that schools short change girls -self esteem: -different in endorsing “always true” -disappear when collapse with “sort of true” -Ethnic difference in self-esteem -found girls in all groups lower than boys, but size and nature of different varied -AA girls: more likely than EA or Latina girls to feel good about selves, families…. -less likely to feel competent in school
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Eccles (1999) studied 1100 adolescent girls found: AA girls: -higher self- esteem than EA girls -more confidence in: attractiveness, sports- ability, feminism, popularity, social relations EA girls: -worried more about weight -more socially self- conscious -no difference: school work What predicted slef-esteem: for both AA and EA -confidence in feminism and attractiveness -lack of worry about weight self- esteem in early adolescence -tied to physical self-image -not academic self-concept Why are AA girls more resilient? ward: -parents describe “raising resisters” -taught: silence = voice of complicity taylor: -provide alternative positive view of feminism AA more often ignored/ rebuffed in school may protect self-esteem by disconnecting it from academics basing self-esteem on other things Ethnic Difference in Self- Esteem Latina girls: -similar issues: racism, devaluation -encouragement of voice hindered by cultural ideals of feminism -dealing with blending of two cultures White middle-class girls rewarded for being quiet, compliant, nice Less true for girls of color without economic means Must speak up to access opportunities Why are there differences in adolescence between boy and girls on self esteem? -early socialization, school socialization*** -male concerns central -hormones (emotional impact on girls) -multiple changes (girls go through more changes as teens) -physical appearance -events more stressful (girls respond worse to stress during this time)
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School Socialization Differences Attention: -boys get more -girls- perceived ability undermined (girls think) Responses to Failure -boys are told to try harder -girls are then not encouraged to try harder Praise and Punishment -boys: punished for behavior, praised for task performance
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Exam 2000 - Chapter 5- Getting the Message: Self-...

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