pysch_chap_4 - Chapter 4 Vocab Developmental psych-a branch...

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Chapter 4 Vocab Developmental psych-a branch of psych that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span Zygote- the fertilized eggs; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell division and develops into an embryo Embryo- the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertilization through the second month Fetus- the developing human organism from about 9 weeks after conception to birth Teratogens- agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)- physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant woman’s heavy drinking. In server cases, symptoms include noticeable facial misproportions Rooting reflex- a baby’s tendency, when touched on the cheek, to turn toward the touch, open mouth, and search for the nipple Habituation- decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infants gain familiarity with repeated exposure to a visual stimulus, their interest wanes and they look away sooner. Maturation- biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience Schema- a concept or framework that organizes and interprets info Assimilation- interpreting one’s new experience in terms of one’s existing schemas Accommodation- adapting one’s current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new info Cognition- all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating Sensorimotor stage- in Piaget’s theory, the stage (from birth to about 2 years old) during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities. Object permanence- the awareness that things continues to exist even when not perceived. Preoperational stage- in Piaget’s theory, the stage (from about 2 to 6 or 7 years old) during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic Conservation- the principle (which Piaget believed to be apart of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects Egocentrism- in Piaget’s theory, the preoperational child’s difficulty taking anothers point of view Theory of mind- people’s ideas about their own and others’ mental states- about their feelings, perceptions, and thoughts and the behavior there might predict
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Jackson during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.

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pysch_chap_4 - Chapter 4 Vocab Developmental psych-a branch...

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