Key Terms week 2-adv chem.docx - Key Terms Arrhenius Acids Definition Substance that produces H ions in aqueous solution Amphoteric Strong Acid

Key Terms week 2-adv chem.docx - Key Terms Arrhenius Acids...

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Key TermsDefinitionArrhenius AcidsSubstance that produces H+ ions in aqueous solutionAmphotericAble to act as either an acid or a baseStrong AcidAn acid that completely ionizes in solution.MonoproticAn acid that contains only one ionizable proton.DiproticAn acid that contains two ionizable protons.pHThe negative log of the concentration of H3O+ in a solution; the pH scale isa compact way to specify the acidity of a solution.Strong baseA base that completely dissociates in solution.Conjugate acid Any base to which a proton has been added.Lewis acidAn atom, ion, or molecule that is an electron pair acceptor.Lewis BaseAn atom, ion, or molecule that is an electron pair donor.BufferA solution containing significant amounts of both a weak acid and its conjugate base (or weak base and its conjugate acid) that resists pH change by neutralizing added acid or added base.IndicatorA dye whose color depends on the pH of the solution it is dissolved in; often used to detect the endpoint of a titration.
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