\u1109\u1162\u11bc\u1106\u1167\u11bc\u1100\u116a\u1112\u1161\u11a8\u1109\u1175\u1109\u1161 4.docx - 1 is a glycoprotein cytokine secreted by the kidney in response to cellular hypoxia it stimulates

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1. ( ) is a glycoprotein cytokine secreted by the kidney in response to cellular hypoxia; it stimulates red blood cell production in the bone marrow. 2. ( ) is the study of heritable phenotype changes that do not involve alterations in the DNA sequence. ( ) most often denotes changes that affect gene activity and expression, but can also be used to describe any heritable phenotypic change. 3. ( ) are genes which regulate the development of anatomical structures in various organisms such as echinoderms, insects, mammals, and plants. This regulation is done via the programming of various transcription factors by the ( ), and these factors affect genes through regulatory genetic pathways. 4. ( ) is a pore, found in the epidermis of leaves, stems, and other organs, that facilitates gas exchange. The pore is bordered by a pair of specialized parenchyma cells known as guard cells that are responsible for regulating the size of the stomatal opening. 5. ( ) is the tenth cranial nerve, and interfaces with parasympathetic control of the heart, lungs, and digestive tract. It is the longest nerve of the autonomic nervous system in the human body. 6. ( ) are a class of plant hormones with some morphogen-like characteristics. ( ) have a cardinal role in coordination of many growth and behavioral processes in the plant's life cycle and are essential for plant body development. 7. ( ) are a class of proteins that play a key role in the innate immune system. They are single, membrane-spanning, non-catalytic receptors usually expressed on sentinel cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells, that recognize structurally conserved molecules derived from microbes. 8. ( ) transports all fat molecules around the body in the extracellular water. ( ) delivers fat molecules to the cells and can drive the progression of atherosclerosis if they become oxidized within the walls of arteries. 9. ( ) are lipoprotein particles that consist of triglycerides (85–92%), phospholipids (6–12%), cholesterol (1–3%), and proteins (1–2%). They transport dietary lipids from the intestines to other locations in the body. 10. ( ) is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae. It is spread by daytime-active Aedes mosquitoes. The infection often causes no or only mild symptoms, similar to a very mild form of dengue fever. ( ) can spread from a pregnant woman to her baby. This can result in microcephaly, severe brain malformations, and other birth defects. Infections in adults may result rarely in Guillain–Barré syndrome.

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