1.( ) is a glycoprotein cytokine secreted by the kidney in response to cellularhypoxia; it stimulates red blood cell production in the bone marrow.2.( ) is the study of heritable phenotype changes that do not involvealterations in the DNA sequence. ( ) most often denotes changes that affectgene activity and expression, but can also be used to describe any heritablephenotypic change.3.( ) are genes which regulate the development of anatomical structures invarious organisms such as echinoderms, insects, mammals, and plants. Thisregulation is done via the programming of various transcription factors bythe ( ), and these factors affect genes through regulatory genetic pathways.4.( ) is a pore, found in the epidermis of leaves, stems, and other organs, thatfacilitates gas exchange. The pore is bordered by a pair of specializedparenchyma cells known as guard cells that are responsible for regulatingthe size of the stomatal opening.5.( ) is the tenth cranial nerve, and interfaces with parasympathetic control ofthe heart, lungs, and digestive tract. It is the longest nerve of the autonomicnervous system in the human body.6.( ) are a class of plant hormones with some morphogen-like characteristics. () have a cardinal role in coordination of many growth and behavioralprocesses in the plant's life cycle and are essential for plant bodydevelopment.7.( ) are a class of proteins that play a key role in the innate immune system.They are single, membrane-spanning, non-catalytic receptors usuallyexpressed on sentinel cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells, thatrecognize structurally conserved molecules derived from microbes.8.( ) transports all fat molecules around the body in the extracellular water. ( )delivers fat molecules to the cells and can drive the progression ofatherosclerosis if they become oxidized within the walls of arteries.9.( ) are lipoprotein particles that consist of triglycerides (85–92%),phospholipids (6–12%), cholesterol (1–3%), and proteins (1–2%). Theytransport dietary lipids from the intestines to other locations in the body.10. ( ) is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae. It is spread by daytime-activeAedes mosquitoes. The infection often causes no or only mild symptoms,similar to a very mild form of dengue fever. ( ) can spread from a pregnantwoman to her baby. This can result in microcephaly, severe brainmalformations, and other birth defects. Infections in adults may result rarelyin Guillain–Barré syndrome.