\u1109\u1162\u11bc\u1106\u1167\u11bc\u1100\u116a\u1112\u1161\u11a8\u1109\u1175\u1109\u1161 5.docx - 1 The is figurative term for a technique that uses the mutation rate of biomolecules to deduce

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1. The ( ) is figurative term for a technique that uses the mutation rate of biomolecules to deduce the time in prehistory when two or more life forms diverged. It is commonly used in molecular evolution to estimate times of speciation or radiation 2. ( ) is when a trait has been gained or lost independently in separate lineages over the course of evolution. This is different from homology, which is the similarity of traits due to common ancestry. 3. In population genetics, the ( ) is the loss of genetic variation that occurs when a new population is established by a very small number of individuals from a larger population. 4. ( ) states that allele and genotype frequencies in a population will remain constant from generation to generation in the absence of other evolutionary influences. These influences include genetic drift, mate choice, assortative mating, natural selection, sexual selection, mutation, gene flow, meiotic drive, genetic hitchhiking, population bottleneck, founder effect and inbreeding. 5. ( ) is a long term biological interaction in which members of one species gain benefits while those of the other species neither benefit nor are harmed. 6. ( ) are the most abundant type of granulocytes and the most abundant (40% to 70%) type of white blood cells in most mammals. They form an essential part of the innate immune system. 7. ( ) are minute molecules that elicit an immune response only when attached to a large carrier such as a protein; the carrier may be one that also does not elicit an immune response by itself. 8. ( ) is a type of immunoprecipitation experimental technique used to investigate the interaction between proteins and DNA in the cell. It aims to determine whether specific proteins are associated with specific genomic regions, such as transcription factors on promoters or other DNA binding sites, and possibly defining cistromes. 9. ( ) uses a solid-phase enzyme immunoassay (EIA) to detect the presence of a ligand in a liquid sample using antibodies directed against the protein to be measured. The ( ) has been used as a diagnostic tool in medicine and plant pathology, and as a quality control check in various industries. 10. ( ) is a highly selective semipermeable border that separates the circulating blood from the brain and extracellular fluid in the central nervous system (CNS). 11. ________________ is a genetic disorder that results in the destruction of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. _________________ is caused by a genetic mutation in the HEXA genes on chromosome 15. It is inherited from a person's parents in an autosomal recessive manner.

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