Chapter 8 - Chapter 8-Thinking: Paying attention to...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 8 —Thinking: Paying attention to information, mentally, reasoning about it and making decisions about it. Overextension’s a mistake about a concept.(lamb&dog). Problem Solving : -Algorithms:systematic procedure that works invariably when it is applied correctly. –Heuristics: A heuristic is a rule of thumb that helps simplify and solve problems. Factors that affect problem solving: -Mental sets and framing effects.(9dots w/4 lines)- insight –incubation: standing back from a problem or taking a break from the problem to get a fresh perspective.(rat) –Functional fixedness: Thinking an object can be used only the way it is typically used, not in a new or novel way. Judgment and Decision Making – anchoring and adjustment heuristic ex) if you ask the first group it would be smaller and second larger. Cognitive anchor- an initial view or presumption. As we receive new info, we may adjust our initial view but sometimes we do so slowly or grudgingly. The framing effect- the way info is presented. Language . 1.seanticity: a lang must have meaningful symbols. Words mush have meaning. 2. infinite creativity: there is no limit to the number of original sentences the user can create. 3. displacement: a language enables its users to communicate about objects and events in another time and place(past and future). Language development - Overregularization: a child applies a rule of grammar too broadly. Language areas in the brain 1.broca’s area: important for producing speech 2. Wernickes’s area: important for understanding speech. Intelligence –viewed as a trait. –Wechsler, whose intelligence tests are widely used, defined intelligence as the capcity of an individual to understand the world and to cope with the challenges. – achievement refers to knowledge and skills gained from experience. Theories of intelligence. –Charles spearman believed in one factor but he also beieved that specific factors accounted for specific abilities. –Thurstone identified 9 specific factors, which he called primary mental abilities. 1)visual spatial ability 2)computationaly ability 3)vocabulary 4)memory and 5) reasoning. Gardners Theory of multiple intelligences 1.language2.logical- mathematical 3.musical 4.spatial relations 5.bodily-kinesthetic talent 6.interpersonal skills 7.intrapersonal skills 8. naturalist.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSYCH 1401 taught by Professor Bellow during the Spring '08 term at Austin CC.

Page1 / 2

Chapter 8 - Chapter 8-Thinking: Paying attention to...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online