ap world ch 10 - Ways of the World A Global History with...

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Ways of the World: A Global History with Sources for the AP® CourseChapter Outline Chapter 10: The Worlds of Christendom: Contraction, Expansion, and Division © 2019 Bedford, Freeman & Worth High School PublishersThe following annotated chapter outline will help you review the major topics covered in this chapter. I. Opening Vignette A. Over the past 30 years millions have converted to the Christian faith in East and South Asia. 1. similar process in non-Muslim regions of Africa 2. 60 percent of Christians today live in Asia, Africa, and Latin America B. In 500s and 600s, Christianity also had flourishing communities across large regions of Afro-Eurasia. 1. but during the third-wave era, African and Asian communities largely vanished, declined, or were marginalized 2. Christianity became a largely European phenomenon C. Christendom was deeply divided: Byzantine Empire and West 1. Byzantium continued the traditions of the Greco-Roman world until conquered in 1453 C.E. a. Eastern Orthodoxy evolved within this third-wave civilization 2. Roman imperial order disintegrated in the West by 500 C.E. 3. Roman Catholic Church of the West established independence from political authorities; Eastern Orthodox Church did not 4. Western Europe emerged, at an increasing pace after 1000, as a dynamic third-wave civilization 5. Western Europe was a hybrid civilization: classical, Germanic, Celtic D. The story of global Christendom in the era of third-wave civilizations is one of contractions and expansions. 1. sharp contractions in Asia and Africa 2. expansion in Western Europe and Russia 3. Christian Byzantium flourished, then contracted and ultimately disappeared 4. Western Europe contracted but later expanded II. Christian Contraction in Asia and Africa A. Islam’s spread was a driving force in the contraction of Christianity.B. Asian Christianity 1. within a century or so of Muhammad’s death, Christianity almost disappeared from Arabia 2. Islamic forces seized Jerusalem and its holy sites 3. in Syria and Persia many Christians converted voluntarily a. experiences of individual communities varied 4. Nestorian Christians or the Church of the East survived but shrank in size in Syria, Iraq, and Persia a. Nestorians had some success in Tang China, before ultimately withering C. African Christianity 1. coastal North African Christians largely converted to Islam 2. in Egypt Coptic Church survived a. tolerated by Muslim rulers b. tolerated until the Crusades and Mongol threat, when repressed c. most rural Coptic Christians converted, survived in urban areas and remote monasteries

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