Aethelred I doc.pdf - Aethelred I King of Northumbria...

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1 Aethelred I - King of Northumbria. Ӕthelred was born circa 762, and was the son of Ӕthelwald Moll and Ӕthelthryth.Ӕthelwald Moll ruled Northumbria from 759 - 765. There is no record of the family origins and no genealogy that links this family to Ida. This possible suggest that Moll did not claim that descent and appears he was 'elected' to the throne. iӔthelred first appears in records in a letter written by Pope Paul 1 to King Eadberht, ordering him to return lands taken from Abbot Fothred, which were given to his brother Moll. He may well have achieved his accession to the throne when his brother became archbishop of York.iiӔthelwald Moll married Ӕthelthryth at Catterick on the 1st of November, 762. He was deposed as king on the 30th October 765, by a council of noblemen and prelates and replaced by Alhred.iiiIn 774, the Northumbrians drove out king Alhred from York. Ӕthelred1, son of Moll, was chosen as their king ivand 'crowned with such great honour.'vӔthelred would have only been 11 or 12 at the time. During his first reign, Ӕthelred ordered the killing of Ealderman Eadwulf - 775.viIn 778, three ealdormen, namely Ealdwulf, Cynewulf and Ecga, at the command of Ӕthelred, were put to death by the princes - Ӕthelbald and Heardberht.viiCoin of Ӕthelred 1, King of Northumbria - during his second reign. (774-779) Description of the image varies - some state it is a lion, others state it is a stylised stag.
2 Ӕthelred is expelled from the throne in 779 and Ӕlwald (son of Oswulf) becomes king. Ӕthelred, exiled, and from what has been stated, suffered quite badly in those years.viiiKing Ӕlfwald was murdered in 788 and Osred, son of Alhred became king.ixIn 790, Osred was deposed after ruling for approximately two years. He was forcibly tonsured and sent into exile. King Osred, overreached by the treachery of his princes, having been taken prisoner, and deprived of his kingdom, assumed the tonsure in the city of York, and afterwards, driven by necessity, went into exile. (Isle of Man) . Ӕthelred was restored to the throne -'Ӕthelred was freed from banishment, and again, by Christ's favour, seated on the throne of his kingdom.xAlcuin, a renowned scholar, writes to a pupil of his 'Ӕthelred, son of Ӕthelwald, has just come from misery to majesty, from prison to the throne. The new reign keeps me here against my inclination, so I cannot come to you." It seems Ӕthelredmust have undergone a lot of suffering during his time in exile. He was approximately 17 at the time and no longer a boy and about 28 at the time of his second reign.xiAlcuin becomes quite a regular correspondent to Ӕthelred - offering him constant advice and even criticism. At the time of Ӕthelred's 2nd reign, Alcuin writes - "personal affection prompts me to send you a personal letter. I shall always love you, and so shall never stop giving you advice. You who sit upon the throne should live in a civilised manner. Reason, not anger, should be your master. You should not become hated for your cruelty, but loved for your kindness. My dear son, may Almighty God give you a long and happy reign and an

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