Meditations of First Philosophy by Descartes Introduction to Philosophy PHIL 1301 Monday/Wednesday 9:30 am Professor Joshua Ellery Fall 2018 Semester Elizabeth Guzman December 3, 2018
Guzman 1 Most people have not witnessed or experienced God and therefore are confused about its existence. Theories have emerged to demonstrate the existence of God. These theories are the Ontological Argument and the Trademark Argument. What characteristics does God possess? Traditional views hold that God is all-powerful, all knowing, and all good. In short, God is the greatest being and no one is as perfect as God. These characteristics have left people to have faith in the existence of God. When people can not show cause or effect for something happening they think it to be God. There must be God to keep order in the world. Descartes is a seventeenth century philosopher, who used his Trademark Argument and Ontological Argument to prove the existence of God. He considers the idea of God, a supremely perfect being, just as real as the idea of the existence of any shape or a number. His understanding of God’s existence is no less clear and distinct than his proofs for the existence of anything. Throughout the “Meditations on First Philosophy” Descartes gives a couple of major arguments about the existences of god, he gives one argument in the third meditation and in the fifth meditation. He does this by coming up with several ideas that eventually add up to a solid argument. Threwout the essay I will discuss the Trademark Argument and how it is a casual argument(Descartes 33),then talk about Descartes Ontological Argument and what the premises are for the argument. Then I will bring up a counter argument to Descartes theory and will finalize my thoughts on the argument about why I believe the critisisms or counter arguments are successful and why Descartes fails. In earlier Meditations Descartes proved that God existed through the “Cogito argument.” Descartes must now move on to examine and explore questions about the world around him, but instead of doing this he first stops to examine the question of whether or not God exists.
Guzman 2 Descartes wants to know that he was created by an all knowing, perfect creator that is good and wants to make sure that he was not created by an evil spirit or demon. If Descartes can prove that he was created by a perfect all knowing creator then his ideas must carry some sense of truth because God is not a deceiver and he must have placed these ideas in Descartes. The argument in Meditation Three that we will focus on is known as the Trademark Argument. This argument comes from the fact claimed by Descartes that inside of everyone is a higher being, which is placed there by whatever created us. From this statement Descartes can say that a mark from a God has been placed inside of everyone. This argument involves the