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Running head: ESSAY QUESTIONS 1 Eric Zupanc World Civilization since 1650 - HIST 112 Prof. Jodie Cummings 26 April 2019
ESSAY QUESTIONS 1. The differences between the American and French revolutions include several aspects. First of all, the primary difference concerned the meaning of the uprising and its goals. Mainly, the Americans aspired to gain their independence from Great Britain and become a separate country with its government and constitution without questioning and undermining the principles of the monarchy of the ruling country. The French, on the other hand, had the purpose to change the government with the help of overthrowing the monarchy and establishing the democratic republic. The other difference concerns the division of society during the rebellion. Mainly, the Americans were divided according to their ideological beliefs in the loyalty to Great Britain or the ideas of freedom (Bailyn, 2017). On the other hand, belonging to society’s upper or lower classes separated the French. The similarities include one of the causes of the emergence of the conflict. In particular, both countries experienced resentment regarding the economic situation. Mainly, the systems of taxation without representation made the Americans aspire to achieve their freedom. At the same time, the imposition of high taxes on the poor in France made the lower classes revolt (Doyle, 2018). The other similarity concerns the concepts of freedom and equality. They became the foundation of the revolutions because the Americans aspired to gain their independence from taxes and equality of treatment from Great Britain while the French desired to reach the economic equality and freedom from the monarchy. 2
ESSAY QUESTIONS 2. One of the significant similarities between the Mughal, Safavid and Ottoman Empires was their ability to develop strong military forces. Mainly, in the Safavid Empire during the reign of Shah Abbas, the reorganization of the state occurred that included such

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