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See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: Indus Valley Civilization Table 1: The Chronology of Indus Valley Civilization Book · July 2013 DOI: 10.13140/2.1.1216.3202 CITATIONS 0 READS 29,895 1 author: Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects: Fat Loss Monitor View project Samar K Kundu Sword Diagnostics 114 PUBLICATIONS 1,818 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE All content following this page was uploaded by Samar K Kundu on 31 July 2014. The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file.
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Indus Valley Civilization The objective of this article is to understand the evolution of the Indo Valley Civilization, in comparison of other old history civilization flourished in Egypt, Mesopotamia, South Asia and China, and their association with Indo Valley Civilization. To understand the Indus Valley Civilization, we need to examine the evolvement of historical civilization. There are numerous theories and controversies in this subject. In this review, I tried to put together the most acceptable concepts in this difficult subject. The main objective of this article not to innovate new theories of the Indus Valley Civilization, but to re-examine the all available data and write in a concise form for ease of understanding of this controversial subject. Six different stages shown in Table 1 is generally accepted show the historical ages and development of each civilization with time. Table 1: The Chronology of Indus Valley Civilization Stage 1: 7000-4000 BCE Beginnings of village farming communities Stage 2: 4300-3200 BCE Developed farming and pastoral communities Stage 3: 3200-2600 BCE Agricultural surplus societies, urbanization Stage 4: 2600-2500 BCE The big leap. Advanced town-planning and scripts emerge Stage 5: 2500-2000 BCE Civilization in full bloom Stage 6: 2000-1600 BCE Dramatic decline in Sindh and resurgence in Punjab and Haryana. Back to the Farming Units (Source: Wikipedia Public Domain) 1
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Indus Valley Civilization Table 2: The Timeline of the Indus Valley Civilization with Other Ancient Civilization Name Period Area Occupations Writing Religion Indus Valley Civilization- Harappa / Mohenjo-daro 3000 – 1500 BC Northwest India, Pakistan, Potter's wheel, Agriculture, dams, city planning, seals Pictographic Unknown Mesopotamian 3000 – 750 BC Sumer, Babylonia, Assyric Highlands Dairy farming, textile, metal working, potter's wheel, sexagesimal system Cuneiform Polytheistic Egyptian 3000 – 800 BC North Eastern Africa along River Nile Egyptian Pyramids, Mummification, Decimal system, Solar calendar Hieroglyphic Polytheistic Chinese 1600 BC – 1 AD China Silk, Pottery, Chinaware, Metals, Great Wall, Paper Chinese Taoism, Confucianism Persian 730 BC Greater Persia Agriculture, architecture, landscaping, postal service Cuneiform, Pahlavi Zoroastrianism Greek 2700 BC - 1500 BC (Cycladic and Minoan civilization), 1600 BC – 1100 BC (Mycenaean Greece), 800 BC (Ancient Greece) Greece (Peloponnese, Epirus, Central Greece, Western Greece, Macedon), later Alexandria Agriculture, winemaking, architecture poetry, drama,
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