EXAM 2 Notes - EXAM 2 Centralized Achievement Cults Are...

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EXAM 2 Centralized Achievement Cults Are characterized by normal social psychological processes operating in extreme conditions Are a form of social organiztoin Tend to have people with extreme emotional disturbances Cult dynamics can be understood as reflections of group process Produce the most controlling common reaction when the values are political/religious and the group becomes a radical movement Weaknesses to cults can be found in Uncertainty stress Feelings of being resistant to influence Importance of needs for social contact That basis of the self in group process Narrowing the stimulus field o Cohesion o Value/ideological consistency o Normative control o Leadership o Social control/monitoring o Information control/feedback o Boundary control Relief effect (31-33/81-88) o Relief from stress interaction Cohesion Ideology Normative compliance Membership o RF is combo of group cohesion and shared ideology o Problems required extreme adjustment uncertainty o Stress reduction cohesion Affiliation Involvement Intensity, scope, duration, comprehensiveness Ideological acceptance compliance Exclusivity specialness Boundary residification threat In-group dependence / commitment mutuality Perceived protection from confusion/disruption
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o Transform potentially disruptive experience – constructive/adaptive Conversion/retention of belief, attachment, involvement, and commitment Uncertainty – cult provides certainty and an answer More answers and certainty = strong cohesion Ideology – System of Values Interpretations o Effectiveness, certainty o Negative: dogmatic, constricted, closed thought o Positive: commitment/motivation stable decision making Common Language o Negative: ambiguity lack of understanding/ capacity to explain or epress o Positive: common experience, conference, resonance, enhances boundary Dualism o Positive: clear identification of opposition validates norms o Negative: restricts negative feedback, simplistic thought Power and Control o Positive: belief in one’s position, consistency of action o Negative: inability to take initiative, sign of insecure, lack of ego strength Increasing cohesion (unity, consistency) o Negative: invulnerable to criticism, eliminate alternatives, increase safety o Positive: deterministic, clarification Reality to be the exclusive possession of authority Values reflecting a revealed and sacred truth Merging of self with social context Difference between cults and normal groups are its extremeness Combine a shared ideology and cohesive group = Change (Stress Gone) Totalism Environmental Control o Communication suppression o Reality exclusive possession of authority Loading the language o Reduce complexity o Express unity o Proclose analysis o Constriction Ideology superior to experience
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Sense of higher purpose o Chosen revealed truth scared/chosen o Justifies tactics
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