List of Greek and Latin roots in English_P–Z - Wikipedia.pdf

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Unformatted text preview: 9/27/2019 List of Greek and Latin roots in English/P–Z - Wikipedia List of Greek and Latin roots in English/P–Z The following is an alphabetical list of Greek and Latin roots roots,, stems stems,, and prefixes commonly used in the English language from P to Z. See also the lists from A to G and from H to O. O. Some of those used in medicine and medical technology are not listed here but instead in the entry for List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes. prefixes. Contents P·Q·R·S·T·U·V·W·X·Y·Z References P –Z 1/60 9/27/2019 Root pac- List of Greek and Latin roots in English/P–Z - Wikipedia Meaning in English peace Origin language Etymology (root origin) English examples Latin pax,, pacis pax appease, Pacific Pacific,, pacifism pacifism,, pacifist, pacify pachydermata, pachyglossia, pachynsis, pachydermata, Pachypodium pach-[1] thick Greek παχύς ((pakhús pakhús), ), πάχος, πάχεος (pákhos, pákheos)) pákheos pact- fasten Latin pangere "to fix, fasten" compact, impact, impaction, impinge, pact, page, propagate pae-[2] strike Greek παίειν ((paíein paíein), ), (paistos paistos)) anapaest,, anapaestic, anapest, anapestic anapaest orthopedic, paediatric, paedogenesis, paedomorphism, page, pedagogue, pedagogy,, pedant, pedantic, pediatric, pedagogy pedodontics,, pedophilia pedodontics paed-,, ped-[3] paed- child Greek παῖς, παιδός (paîs, paidós), paidós), παιδικός (paidikós paidikós)) pagin- page Latin pagina pagination pal- stake Latin palus impale, impalement impalement,, pale, palisade palisade,, pole, travail, travel palae-, palae-, pale-[4] ancient, old Greek παλαιός ((palaiós palaiós)) paleo diet, diet, paleobiology, paleobotanic, Paleocene,, Paleogene Paleocene Paleogene,, Paleolithic Paleolithic,, paleology, paleomagnetism, paleontology paleontology,, paleopolyploidy,, paleopsychology, Paleozoic paleopolyploidy palin-, palin-, palim-[5] back Greek πάλιν ((pálin pálin)) palimpsest, palindrome palindrome,, palingenesis palingenesis,, palinspastic pall- be pale Latin pallere pallid, pallor palli- cloak Latin palliare "to cover, cloak", from pallium "cloak" pall, palliate, palliative, pallium palm- palm Latin palma palmate palp- touch Latin palpare palp, palpable, palpate, palpation, palpitant, palpitation palustr- in marshes Latin paluster palustral pan- Pan Greek πάειν, Πάν ((Pán πάειν, Pán), ), Πανικός (Panikós Panikós)) panic Greek πᾶς, παντός πᾶς, (pantós pantós), ), πᾶν (pân pân), ), πασῶν, παντότης,, παντότης πάντοθεν diapason, panacea, pandemic pandemic,, pandemonium, panoply, panoptic, pantology, parrhesia pānis accompaniment, accompany, appanage, companion, company company,, empanada, impanate, impanation,, panelle impanation panelle,, panetela, panetella panetella,, panettone,, panivorous, pannier panettone pannier,, pantry pan-,, pam-[6] pan- pan- all bread Latin pand-,, panspand- spread Latin pandere, pandere, pansus//passus pansus compass, dispand, dispansion, encompass, encompassment, expand, expanse, expansion, expansive, expansivity, impassable, impasse, pace pace,, pandiculate, pandiculation, passus passus,, repand, spawn, subrepand par-,, para-[7] par- beside, near Greek παρά ((pará pará)) parable, parabola, parallel parallel,, parallelepiped, parameter,, parapagus parameter par- equal Latin par compare, disparage, par par,, parity parity,, peer peer,, subpar –Z 2/60 9/27/2019 Root List of Greek and Latin roots in English/P–Z - Wikipedia Meaning in English Origin language Etymology (root origin) English examples par- order, prepare, provide, procure Latin parare apparat, apparatus, co-emperor, comprador, disparate, disrepair, dissever, disseverance, emperor,, empery, empire, empress, imperant, emperor imperative,, imperator, imperious, inseparable, imperative irreparable, parade parade,, pare, parison parison,, parry parry,, parure,, preparation, preparative, preparatory, parure prepare, repair, reparable, reparation, reparative, separability, separable, separate, separation, separative, separator, separatory, separatrix, sever, severability, severable, several, severance, vituperate par-,, para-[8] par- beside, near Greek παρά ((pará pará)) parable, paradox, parallel parallel,, parameter parameter,, parody parc-,, parsparc- spare, save Latin parcere,, parsus parcere parcity, parsimonious, parsimony pariet- wall Latin paries,, parietis paries parietal part- part Latin pars,, partis pars apart, bipartite bipartite,, compartment, depart, impartial, parcel, part, partial, participate, particle, partisan, partition parthen-[9] virgin Greek παρθένος (parthénos parthénos)) parthenocarpy, parthenogenesis parthenocarpy, parthenogenesis,, Parthenon Parthenon,, Parthenope parv- little Latin parvus parvovirus pasc-,, pastpasc- feed Latin pāscere,, pāstus pāscere antepast, antipasto antepast, antipasto,, pabulum, pastel, pastern pastern,, pastiglia, pastille, pastor pastor,, pastorage, pastoral pastoral,, pastorale,, pastorate pastorale pastorate,, pastorium pastorium,, pasturable pasturable,, pasturage, pastural, pasture pasture,, repast, repasture pass-[10] sprinkle Greek πάσσειν (pássein pássein), ), παστός ((pastós pastós)) paste pass- pace, step Latin passus passer- sparrow Latin passer passeriform, passerine peripatetic, peripateticism pat-[11] path Greek πάτος ((pátos pátos), ), πατεῖν ((pateîn pateîn), ), πατητός, πατητής,, πατητής πατητήριον pat- be open Latin patere impatent, patefaction, patella, patellar, patelliform, paten, patency, patent patent,, patera patera,, patin Greek πάσχειν (páskhein páskhein), ), παθητικός (pathētikós pathētikós), ), πάθος ((páthos páthos)) allopath, allopathy, antipathy, apathetic, apathy, empathy, etiopathogenesis, homeopathic, homeopathy homeopathy,, idiopathic, pathetic, pathoclisis, pathogen pathogen,, pathogenesis pathogenesis,, pathogenic, pathologist, pathology pathology,, pathos pathos,, psychopath, psychopathic, psychopathy psychopathy,, sympathectomy,, sympathetic, sympathy sympathectomy Greek πατήρ, πατρός (patḗr, patrós), patrós), πατριά ((patriá patriá), ), πατριώτης (patriṓtēs patriṓtēs)) allopatric, allopatry allopatric, allopatry,, eupatrides eupatrides,, patriarch patriarch,, patriarchy,, patriot patriarchy patriot,, patriotic patriotic,, patriotism patriotism,, patrology,, patronym patrology patronym,, patronymic patronymic,, sympatric sympatric,, sympatry path-[12] pater-, pater-, patr-[13] feeling, disease father –Z 3/60 9/27/2019 Root pater-,, patrpater- List of Greek and Latin roots in English/P–Z - Wikipedia Meaning in English father Origin language Latin Etymology (root origin) English examples pater (genitive patris)) patris compadre, compaternity, compère, impetrate, impetration, impetrative, impetrator, Jupiter, padre, padrone, paterfamilias paterfamilias,, paternal, paternity,, paternoster paternity paternoster,, patriate, patriation, Patricia, patrician, patriciate, patricidal, patricide, Patrick, patriclinous, patricliny, patrifocal, patrilateral, patrilineage patrilineage,, patrilineal patrilineal,, patrilineality,, patrilinear, patrilocal patrilineality patrilocal,, patrilocality, patrimonial, patrimony, patron, patronage,, patronal, patronate, patroness, patronage patroon, patter, pattern, père, perpetrable, perpetrate, perpetration, perpetrator, repatriate, repatriation pati-,, passpati- suffer, feel, endure, permit Latin pati,, passus pati compassion, compassionate, compatibility, compatible, dispassion, dispassionate, impassible, impassion, impassive, impassivity, impatible, impatience, impatient, incompatibility, incompatible, interpatient, noncompatible, nonpassible, passibility, passible, passion, passional, passionary, passionate, passive, passivity, patible, patience,, patient, patientive, perpession patience pauc- few Latin paucus paucal, pauciloquent, paucity pav- beat Latin pavire pavage,, pave, pavement pavage pavement,, pavior impeccable, peccadillo, peccant, peccavi pecc- sin Latin peccatum "sin, fault, error", from peccare "to miss, mistake" pect- fixed Greek πηκτός ((pēktós pēktós)) pectic, pectin pector- chest Latin pectus,, pectoris pectus pectoral pecu- property Latin pecunia "property", from pecu "cattle" peculiar, pecuniary, pecunious pes,, pedis pes biped, bipedal, bipedal, centipedal, centipede, decempedal, expediency, expedient, expeditate, expedite, expedition, expeditionary, expeditious, impeach, impeachable, impeachment, impede, impediment, impedition, impeditive, inexpedient, interpetiolar, intrapetiolar, millipede, multiped, multipede, octopede, oppidum,, pawn oppidum pawn,, pedal pedal,, pedate pedate,, pedatifid, pedestal,, pedestrian pedestal pedestrian,, pedicel pedicel,, pedicle, pedicure,, pediform, pedigerous, pedigree pedicure pedigree,, peduncle,, pedunculate, peon peduncle peon,, peonage, petiolar, petiolate, petiole petiole,, petiolular, petiolulate, petiolule, piedfort piedfort,, piedmont, pioneer, quadruped, quadrupedal, quadrupedal, repedation, revamp, semiped, semipedal, sesquipedal, stapes, stapedius, subpetiolate, suppedaneum, tripedal tripedal,, trivet trivet,, vamp, velocipede ped- foot Latin –Z 4/60 9/27/2019 Root List of Greek and Latin roots in English/P–Z - Wikipedia Meaning in English Origin language Etymology (root origin) English examples hysteropexy, pagophobia, parapagus, pectic, pectin,, rheopectic, rheopecty pectin rheopecty,, rheopexy peg-,, pect-[14] peg- fix Greek πηγνύναι (pēgnúnai pēgnúnai), ), πηκτός ((pēktós pēktós), ), πηκτικός (pēktikós pēktikós), ), πῆξις (pêxis pêxis), ), πῆγμα (pêgma (pêgma), ), πάγη (págē (págē), ), πάγος (págos (págos), ), πάγιος (págios (págios), ), παγιότης (pagiótēs pagiótēs), ), πάσσαλος (pássalos pássalos)) pejor- worse Latin pejor pejorative pel-[15] clay,, mud clay Greek πηλός ((pēlós pēlós)) pelite,, pelitic pelite abyssopelagic, allopelagic, archipelagic abyssopelagic, archipelagic,, archipelago,, bathypelagic archipelago bathypelagic,, epipelagic epipelagic,, hadopelagic,, mesopelagic hadopelagic mesopelagic,, pelagic pelag-[16] sea Greek πέλαγος (pélagos pélagos), ), πελαγικός (pelagikós pelagikós)) pelarg-[17] stork Greek πελαργός (pelargós pelargós), ), πελαργώδης pelargonic,, Pelargonium pelargonic pell-,, pulspell- drive, push Latin pellere,, pulsus pellere appulse, compel, compulsory, dispel, expel, expulsion, impel, impulse, propel, propellent, propulsion,, propulsive, propulsor propulsion propulsor,, pulsate, pulse, push, repel, repellent, repulsive pemp-, pemp-, pomp- send Greek πέμπειν (pémpein pémpein), ), πομπή ((pompḗ pompḗ)) apopemptic, hypnopompic, pomp, psychopomp pen- almost Latin paene peninsula,, penultimate, penumbra peninsula impune, impunity, pain, penal, penalize, penalty, penance, penitence, penitent, penitentiary, pine, punish, punitive, repent, subpoena pen-, poenpen-, poen-,, puni- punish Latin punire "punish" (earlier poenire poenire), ), from poena "punishment" pend-,, penspend- hang Latin pensare, pensare, frequentative of pendere append, penchant, pendant, pending, pendulum, pensive, prepense, suspend, suspense penia- deficiency Greek πενία ((penía penía)) leukopenia penn-,, pinnpenn- feather Latin penna,, pinna penna pennate, pinnacle, pinnate pinnate,, pinnule diapente, pentachoric, pentad, pentagon diapente, pentagon,, pentagram,, pentalpha, pentapolis pentagram pentapolis,, pentatonic, pentatope,, pentode pentatope pentacosiomedimni pent-[18] five Greek πέντε ((pénte pénte), ), πεντάς, πεντάδος (pentás, pentádos), pentádos ), πεντάκις (pentákis pentákis)) "five times", πενταπλάσιος (pentaplásios pentaplásios)) "five-fold", πενταχοῦ pentacosi-[19] five hundred Greek πεντακόσιοι (pentakósioi pentakósioi)) –Z 5/60 9/27/2019 Root List of Greek and Latin roots in English/P–Z - Wikipedia Meaning in English Origin language Etymology (root origin) English examples pentecont-[20] fifty Greek πεντήκοντα (pentḗkonta pentḗkonta), ), πεντηκοντάς, πεντηκοντάδος (pentēkontás, pentēkontádos)) pentēkontádos pentecost-[21] fiftieth Greek πεντηκοστός (pentēkostós pentēkostós)) Pentecost, pentecostalism peper-[22] pepper Greek πέπερι, πέπερι, πεπέρεως paprika, pepper pepon-[23] ripe Greek πέπων, πέπονος (pépōn, péponos) péponos) pumpkin dipeptide, dyspepsia dipeptide, dyspepsia,, dyspeptic, eupepsia, eupeptic, monopeptide monopeptide,, oligopeptide oligopeptide,, pepsin, peptic, peptide peptide,, peptone peptone,, polypeptide polypeptide,, tetrapeptide,, tripeptide tetrapeptide pentecontad,, pentecontagon pentecontad pept- digest Greek πέσσειν (péssein péssein), ), πεπτός (peptós peptós), ), πεπτικός (peptikós peptikós), ), πέψις (pépsis pépsis)) per- wallet Greek πήρα ((pḗra pḗra), ), πηρίδιον (pērídion pērídion)) peridium per-,, pelper- thoroughly, through Latin per pellucid, perfection perfection,, permeate, pernicious, persistence, peruse, pervade peran- across, beyond Greek πέραν ((péran péran)) Perates perdic-[24] partridge Greek πέρδιξ, πέρδικος (pérdix, pérdikos) pérdikos) Melanoperdix,, partridge Melanoperdix peri-[25] around Greek περί ((perí perí)) Pericles, pericope, perigee, perihelion, perimeter,, period, periphery, periscope perimeter persic-[26] peach Greek περσικός (persikós persikós)) pessim- worst Latin pessimus pessimal pet- strive toward Latin petere appetite, compete, competition, impetus, petition, petulant, propitiate, repeat, repetition petr-[27] rock Greek πέτρα ((pétra pétra)) epipetric, petroglyph epipetric, petroglyph,, petrographic, petrography,, petroleum petrography petroleum,, petrology petrology,, petrosomatoglyph phae-, phae-, phe-[28] dark Greek φαιός ((phaiós phaiós)) phaeohyphomycosis, phaeomelanin, pheochrome, pheochromocytoma phag- eat Greek φαγεῖν ((phageîn phageîn), ), φαγία ((phagía phagía)) autophagosome, autophagy autophagosome, autophagy,, bacteriophage, dysphagia,, esophagitis dysphagia esophagitis,, geophagia geophagia,, hematophagy,, macrophage, odynophagia hematophagy odynophagia,, phagocyte,, phagocytosis phagocyte phagocytosis,, phagolysosome phagolysosome,, phagophilia,, phagophobia phagophilia phagophobia,, phagosome phagosome,, phagy,, polyphagia phagy polyphagia,, pseudodysphagia pseudodysphagia,, sarcophagus phalang-[29] close formation of troops, finger bones Greek φάλαγξ, φάλαγξ, φάλαγγος (phálangos phálangos)) aphalangia, phalanges phalanges,, phalanx –Z 6/60 9/27/2019 Root List of Greek and Latin roots in English/P–Z - Wikipedia Meaning in English phalar-[30] having a patch of white pharmac-[32] drug, medicine phan-, phan-, phen-[33] to show, visible Origin language Etymology (root origin) English examples Greek φάλαρος (phálaros phálaros))[31] phalarope Greek φάρμακον (phármakon phármakon)) alexipharmic, pharmaceutics, pharmacodynamics,, pharmacogenetics pharmacodynamics pharmacogenetics,, pharmacogenomic,, pharmacokinetics pharmacogenomic pharmacokinetics,, pharmacology,, pharmacophobia pharmacology pharmacophobia,, pharmacy Greek φαίνειν (phaínein phaínein), ), φαντός ((phantós phantós), ), φαινόμενον (phainómenon phainómenon), ), φάσις ((phásis phásis)) diaphanous, emphasis, epiphany, fantasy fantasy,, phanerozoic,, phantasm, phantom, phase, phanerozoic phene, phenetic, phenology, phenomenon, phenotype, photic, prophase prophase,, sycophant, telophase,, theophany, tryptophan telophase autophobia, hydrophobia autophobia, hydrophobia,, panphobia panphobia,, phobophobia pheb-, pheb-, phob-[34] fear Greek φέβεσθαι (phébesthai phébesthai), ), φόβος ((phóbos phóbos), ), φοβέω pher-, pher-, phor-[35] bear, carry Greek φέρειν ((phérein phérein), ), φορά ((phorá phorá), ), φόρος ((phóros phóros)) adiaphora, adiaphorism adiaphora, adiaphorism,, anaphor anaphor,, metaphor metaphor,, pheromone,, phoresis, phoresy, phosphor pheromone phosphor,, prosphora, pyrophoric Greek φεύγειν (pheúgein pheúgein), ), φυγή φυγή,, φυγάς, φυγάδος (phugás, phugádos)) phugádos "fugitive", φυγαδικός apophyge,, hypophyge apophyge Greek φίλος ((phílos phílos), ), φιλικός ((philikós philikós), ), φιλεῖν ((phileîn phileîn), ), φιλία ((philía philía), ), φίλτρον ((phíltron phíltron)) bibliophile, heterophil, hydrophile hydrophile,, paraphilia, philanthropy, philharmonic, philophobia philophobia,, philosophy,, philter, philtre, philtrum philosophy paraphimosis,, phimosis paraphimosis phimosis,, phimotic pheug-, pheug-, phyg-[36] (ΦΥΓ) phil-, phile[37] flee love, friendship phim-[38] muzzle Greek φῑμός ((phīmós phīmós), ), φιμοῦν (phimoûn phimoûn), ), φιμωτικός,, φιμωτικός φίμωσις (phímōsis phímōsis)) phleb-[39] vein Greek φλέψ, φλεβός (phléps, phlebós), phlebós), φλέβιον phlebitis, phlebography phlebitis, phlebography,, phlebosclerosis, phlebotomist, phlebotomize, phlebotomy phlebotomy,, thrombophlebitis phlegm, phlegmasia, phlegmatic phlegm, phlegmatic,, phlegmon, phlegmonous, phlogistic, phlogiston phlogiston,, Phlox phleg-, phleg-, phlog-[40] burn, heat, inflammation Greek φλέγειν (phlégein phlégein), ), φλέγμα (phlégma phlégma), ), φλόξ (phlóx phlóx)) "flame" phloe-[41] tree bark Greek φλοιός ((phloiós phloiós)) hypophloeodic, phlobaphene phlobaphene,, phloem phloem,, phloeophagy fear Greek φόβος ((phóbos phóbos)) acrophobia, arachnophobia, claustrophobia, ergophobia, homophobia, hydrophobia hydrophobia,, zeusophobia phlogphob- –Z 7/60 9/27/2019 Root phon-[42] phos-,, photphos- phrag-[43] (ΦΡΑΓ) List of Greek and Latin roots in English/P–Z - Wikipedia Meaning in English sound light fence Origin language Etymology (root origin) English examples φωνή ((phōnḗ phōnḗ), ), φωνητικός (phōnētikós phōnētikós), ), φώνημα (phṓnēma phṓnēma)) acrophonic, acrophony, allophone allophone,, antiphon antiphon,, antiphony,, aphonia, aphonic, apophony, antiphony archiphoneme, cacophony, diaphony, diplophonia, dysphonia dysphonia,, euphonic euphonic,, euphonious, euphonize, euphony euphony,, heterophonic, heterophony heterophony,, homophone homophone,, homophonous, homophony homophony,, hypophonesis, ideophone,, idiophone ideophone idiophone,, isophone, logophonetic, megaphone, microphone microphone,, misophonia,, monophonic, monophony misophonia monophony,, morphophonology,, phonaesthesia morphophonology phonaesthesia,, phonaesthetics,, phone phonaesthetics phone,, phonemic, phonesthemic, phonetic, phonetics phonetics,, phonics, phonogram,, phonograph phonogram phonograph,, phonology phonology,, phonophobia,, phonosemantics phonophobia phonosemantics,, phonotactics phonotactics,, polyphonic, polyphony polyphony,, stereophonic, symphonic, symphony symphony,, telephonic, telephony Greek φῶς, φωτός φῶς, (phōtós phōtós)) aphotic, biophoton aphotic, biophoton,, cataphote cataphote,, diphoton diphoton,, euphotic,, microphotograph euphotic microphotograph,, phosphor phosphor,, phosphorus, photic, photo, photobiology photobiology,, photocatalysis,, photochromism photocatalysis photochromism,, photoelectric, photogenic,, photogram photogenic photogram,, photograph photograph,, photography,, photolysis photography photolysis,, photometer photometer,, photometric, photometry photometry,, photon photon,, photoperiod, photophobia photophobia,, photophone photophone,, photophore,, photopic photophore photopic,, photoptarmosis photoptarmosis,, photosynthesis,, phototaxis photosynthesis phototaxis,, phototherapy phototherapy,, phototroph,, telephoto phototroph Greek φράσσειν (phrássein phrássein), ), φράξις ((phráxis phráxis), ), φράγμα (phrágma phrágma)) diaphragm Greek phren-, phren-, phron-[44] mind Greek φρήν, φρενός (phrḗn, phrenós) phrenós) euneirophrenia, euphrasy, Euphrosyne Euphrosyne,, frantic, frenetic, frenzy, oneirophrenia oneirophrenia,, phrenetic, -phrenia, phrenic, phrenitis phrenitis,, phrenology,, phronema phrenology phronema,, phronesis phronesis,, phronetic phronetic,, schizophrenia,, sophrosyne schizophrenia phryn-[45] toad, toadtoad, like Greek φρύνη ((phrúnē phrúnē)) Phrynobatrachus apophthegm, apophthegmatic, diphthong apophthegm, diphthong,, diphthongize, monophthong monophthong,, monophthongize phtheg-[46] utter Greek φθέγγεσθαι (phthéngesthai phthéngesthai), ), φθεγκτός, φθεγκτικός, φθέγξις,, φ...
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