3The Research Group on History of Wetlands (GHZH)’s 6thinternational conferenceWetlands & Archaeology2ndcall for papers and postersWhere? At the European Archaeological Center of the Mont-Beuvray - Glux-en-Glenne (Nièvre)When? November 9-10-11, 2017From November 9 to 11, 2017, the Research Group on History of Wetlands (GHZH), with thesupport of the European Archeological Center of the Mont-Beuvray and the Morvan Regional NaturalPark, will hold its international conference on Wetlands and Archaeology in order to better understandwetlands through Archaeology. Over the past decades, historians, sociologists, legal experts andgeographers have been conducting research on wetlands within vast regional monographs (Bresse,Dombes, etc.). So have archaeologists. In France, Rescue archaeology has been spectacularlydeveloped since the early 1980s and has allowed studying countless areas gathering raw data as well asnew “off-site” information: natural cavities (paleo-wetlands, paleo meanders) or anthropogenic (ponds,etc.) leading archaeoscientists (Palynology, Dendrology, macro plant remains) to elaborate new specificmarkers such as plant and animal bio-indicators or sediments.These new objects, these “soil productions”, which once were not seen as “classical”Archeology material, have started becoming vectors of landscape and paleo-ecological reconstructionsin wetland recognition. Often times considered uniformly repulsive areas, only interesting once drainedand organized, archaeological examples, which have been multiplying everywhere, differ and point tothe diversity of their diachronic valorization modes, emphasizing the complexity of these areas whetherpeatlands, coastal wetlands, alluvial valley or plain.This conference also aims at developing a comparative approach regarding archaeologistresearch led elsewhere in or outside Europe such as The Netherlands, the British Isles (“WetlandArchaeology Research Project” led for over 30 years at the University of Bradford), Italy, etc.
3The conference will focus on the following topics:1° Methodology: a true interdisciplinary approachHow does Archaeology understand wetlands and overcome water constraints (pumping)? How does it define wetlands and what are the digging strategies to be used?Wetlands are key areas in recording precious archaeo-environmental data with accumulatedsediments (peat, silt), preserved organic matter (pollens, wood charcoals and macro remains for plantsand animals, etc.). The question of sampling must then be raised.Archaeology requires being able to precisely determine the agent or accumulator factor of thebiofacts collected and studied (sedimentary natural trap, waterbird pellets, otter dung, etc.) hencetaphonomic methodological research. The quantity of preserved artefacts and biofacts being generallylarge leads to specific conservation issues outside wetlands and requires technical knowledge quantitysuch as lyophilization of the Mesolithic canoe of Noyen-sur-Seine.