Winn McArthurChapter 61.After the original establishment of New France by Samuel De Champlain, New France was originally run by companies, but the king came into power after multiple failures. This caused the government to be totally autocratic, which meant that there were no elections for representatives or trials by jury. The territory of New France was also in between two different British settlements due to Queen Anne’s War and King William’s War. British and Spanish also fought in the War of Jenkin’s Ear, which created conflict for the southern British colonies. The New France economy was based around the beaver fur business. French hunts for beavers ranged from north of the Great Lakes to modern day New Orleans. The residents of New France made allies with the Huron Indians, which was a beneficial relationship for both sides. The social scene also included Protestant Hugueonots, who were not accepted into society, and wild men, coureurs de bois. These men contributed to the cajun culture in Louisiana due to their unconventional ways of life. One major difference between New France and the British colonies was the system of government. Everything the French did in America was controlled by the King,which was not the case with the colonies. Under salutary neglect, the colonies originally had multiple forms of government, some of which did not involve the crown at all. One key similarity between New France and the British colonies is the fact that both were used by their mother country as a way to make money and boost their economy. France profitted greatly from the beaver fur trade, and similarly, the British profited off of resources that the colonies exclusively had such as tobacco.
2.The colonial powers were nowhere close to being unified at the time of the Seven Years War. People from Virginia called themselves Virginians and people from North Carolina called themselves North Carolinians. After a loss at Fort Necessity in the Ohio River Valley under the command of George Washington, the call for unification was at an all time high. Previously, when one of the colonies was under attack from Native Americans or other threats, the one colony being attacked was on their own. This would not prove to be a winning strategy. 3.When the French and Native Americans in the Ohio River Valley revealed themselves to be a problem, the British realized that a change had to be made in the colonies in order to maintain control over their land. An intercolonial congress was set up in Albany, New York. Even though only seven of the thirteen colonies showed up, the meeting continued. The first purpose of the meeting was the confirm the British alliance with the Iroquois, which was secured by giving wagons of guns and other assortments. The main purpose ofthe Albany Congress was to unite the colonies against the French. This can easily be seen in the “Join, or Die” drawing by Benjamin Franklin. The Albany Plan of Union
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- Fall '19