PSY 655 DQ 5-9.doc - Running head: PSY 655 DQ 5-9 1 PSY 655...

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Running head: PSY 655 DQ 5-91PSY 655 DQ 5-9NameInstitution
PSY 655 DQ 5-92PSY 655 DQ 5-9Question 1Leaders are not immune to stressors. In fact, the types of decisions leaders are required tomake are a chief source of stress. Stress tends to impair these leaders’ capacity to make decisionsin an effective manner. Furthermore, work-related stress is one of the main precursors of the redflag conditions that contribute to bad decisions. For instance, leaders are often faced with thechallenging task of resolving an obstinate problem. In most cases, a leader that is under animmense amount of stress will most likely promote and support only his proposed solution, evenwhen it’s an uncertain option (Carucci, 2017). This is indicative of the “presence of inappropriateself-interest,” which is one of the red-flags that contribute to bad decisions. The stressed outleader tends to let his own biases cloud his overall judgment, contributing to an inherently baddecision (Campbell, Whitehead & Finkelstein, 2009).Additionally, a leader who is under a lot of stress will often encounter difficulties whenfaced with a high-risk decision. In the absence of stress, leaders are able to employ criticalthinking and problem solving skills to analyze data and evidence, to come up with a safe yeteffective solution. On the other hand, a leader under a lot of pressure and stress will tend to adoptan extreme solution, such as making impulsive decisions, which are not based on the data orevidence provided. In fact, such a leader is likely to miss pertinent information when makingsuch a decision (Carucci, 2017). This implies that the leader’s decision-making is beingundermined by the “presence of distorting attachments,” which leads him to make rash decisions,which are often bad (Campbell, Whitehead & Finkelstein, 2009).Finally, leaders also make bad decisions regarding the delegation of work, particularlywhen they are under stress (Carucci, 2017). Since the human brain tends to react when under a
PSY 655 DQ 5-93lot of stress, a leader who keeps getting negative results when he delegated responsibilities isbound to revert to the more traditional approach due to the stress associated with failing ofpicking up the slack of the other employees. In such a situation, the leader is relying on“misleading memories” to inform his current decision, regarding a current situation (Campbell,Whitehead & Finkelstein, 2009). All things considered, work-related stress has the capacity tocreate red-flag conditions that lead even the most efficient leaders to make bad decisions.Question 2Self-interest is one of the red-flags that undermine a leader’s capacity to make a gooddecision. According to Campbell, Whitehead and Finkelstein (2009), even well-meaning leaderstend to find themselves in a position, in which their self-interest influences their decisions, evenwithout them noticing it. One of the main issues of self-interest that influences decision-making

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