IHP Final Project One Milestone Two 1.docx - Final Project...

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Final Project One Milestone TwoFinal Project One Milestone TwoAustralia Health IssuesStarlah BrachelIHP-501December 2, 2019Dr. Matt Frederiksen-England
Final Project One Milestone Two1Mesothelioma“Mesothelioma is an incurable, asbestos-related cancer that typically affects the lining of the lungs” (Selby, 2019 p. 2). It is caused by breathing in the asbestos fibers and those fibers attach and form a tumor in the lining of the heart, lungs or abdomen, however it is most commonto see the tumors develop within the lungs. If it is suspected that cancer is present, doctors will do a biopsy to determine if it is Mesothelioma. This is the only way that this type of cancer can be confirmed. Bloodwork and imaging scans can be done to determine there is cancer in the body but can only determine that it is Mesothelioma by a biopsy of the tumor itself. SignificanceMesothelioma is a very dangerous and lethal form of cancer because of its low survival rate and no cure. With exposure to asbestos, the cancer forms quickly and it almost non-symptomatic until in its more advanced stages. Once it has been diagnosed, the prognosis is bleak. Typical average of life expectancy for those diagnosed with Mesothelioma is twelve months. Exposure to asbestos was not just limited to Australian workplaces, it was also found in homes and many of those who took on home repairs and renovations, ended up coming in contact with the contaminant and contracting mesothelioma as a result. Many cases were also found to be contracted by those who were simply around those who had direct contact with asbestos and breathing in the dust from their clothing. “Known as ‘bystander exposure’, a significant portion of all people suffering mesothelioma come under this category” (Wade, 2019 p. 5).
Final Project One Milestone Two2Populations ImpactedThe majority of the contracted cases of Mesothelioma are men between the ages of 70 – 79. These men worked in industries where asbestos was prevalent throughout their workplace. On average, the death rate and the incidence rate are very similar due to the aggressiveness at which the cancer metastasizes and causes death. Statistically, anywhere between 700 to 800 people are diagnosed with mesothelioma in Australia in any given year. In 2018, there were 699 confirmed deaths which equals a rate of 2.8 per 100,000 people[ CITATION Lee19 \l 1033 ]. Social & Cultural FactorsMesothelioma is not a disease prevalent more in one societal or cultural environment. It is an occupational hazard more so than a lifestyle hazard. Despite the initiative enacted in 2012, called Safe Work Australia, many industrial buildings still contain asbestos. It will take several more years to safely remove asbestos materials from buildings within Australia. Another growingthreat is that of homeowners wanting to remodel older homes. Most homes built before 1990 stillcan have materials laced with asbestos. The number of diagnoses and deaths from mesothelioma are expected to peak between now and 2021, but the ongoing threat to Australian lives is a real concern, especially with an increasing interest in renovating older homes, which may have asbestos materials imbedded [ CITATION Com15 \l 1033 ].

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