Module 8 n4912.pptx - NURSING THEORISTS BY KAREN DANNA...

This preview shows page 1 - 7 out of 29 pages.

NURSING THEORISTS BY: KAREN DANNA CONCEPTS AND THEORIES IN NURSING N491
FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE: ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY The Environmental Theory describes nursing as “the act of utilizing the environment of the patient to assist him in his recovery The environmental theory focuses on providing the best possible environmental condition that will promote healing The nurse’s role is to change the environment to provide conditions to aid the patient’s body in healing. Identified five environmental factors needed to promote a healthy environment are : pure fresh air, pure water, effective drainage, cleanliness and light Stresses that external influences and conditions impact one’s health in either a positive or negative way, promoting health or illness The environmental factors include clean environment, adequate food and fluids, fresh air, and a clean patient. (Hektor Dunphy, 2015).
FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE: ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY Current Practice Performing proper hand hygiene is the cornerstone of reducing Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs). Identify contagions as soon as possible, place patient in isolation and utilized specific PPE when caring for these patients Provide ongoing infection control education including important of patient hygiene and cleaning of equipment in patient care areas Positive Outcomes Promotes environment conducive for health and healing and decreases the number of HAI’s Improved patient outcomes with decreased inpatient length of stay Improved education standards and healthcare regulations
FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE: ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY Benefits of The Environmental Theory Creates an environment and implements daily practices that promote health and well-being Benefits the patient while improving patient outcomes Addresses the importance of cleanliness and infection control Barriers to the Environmental Theory Environmental factors needed to promote a healthy environment such as fresh air, pure water, effective drainage, cleanliness and light may not be available Collaborate with multidisciplinary team members to utilize resources from all disciplines to improve the environment and promote health Increased nurse/patient ratio, result in task focused nursing due to high patient acuity. Implement incentives to promote staff retention, consider patient acuity when creating assignments work with peers to address there need (medical, hygiene, activities of daily living, environment)
HILDEGARD PEPLAU THEORY OF INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS Relationship between nurse and client are fundamental to the nursing process affects the patients’ experience Identified that the nurse-client relationship develops through four phases Orientation - The nurse’s assessment of the patient's health, situation and problems are identified Advance from stranger to a trusted professional Identification - Focus is placed on the development of the nursing care plan based on patient

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture