Civil War Battles & People Presentation.pptx - Civil War...

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Unformatted text preview: Civil War Battles & People Presentation By: Grace Beardsley Fort Sumter o Location: Charleston, North Carolina o History: The Battle of Fort Sumter was the first battle of the American Civil War and it signaled the start of the war. It took place over two days from April 12–13, 1861. Fort Sumter is on an island in South Carolina near Charleston. Its main purpose was to guard Charleston Harbor. o Geographic factor: Fort Sumter is in a prime location, It was important to South Carolina, because it gave them a sense of pride in the Confederacy. Fort Sumter was the official physical start to the civil war. There is a Memorial inside the fort to capture its importance. o Why to buy: Like the union, you can be surrounded by water and on top of the hill, this allows for complete awareness of enemies approaching. On the other hand, you could attack from all sides in addition to having access to the shore for supplies if needed. 2 Antietam o Location: Sharpsburg, Maryland o History: The end result of the invasion was the Battle of Antietam, one of the most important days of the Civil War. Antietam was the bloodiest singleday battle in American history, and the Union victory there led to the Emancipation Proclamation. o Geographic factors: mountainous, hills , and large forest. o Why to buy: This land if perfect for a battlefield due to its mountainous region which allows for higher ground attacks, it’s large forest which allows for hiding and surprise attacks, and finally it’s water sources for various reasons. 3 Vicksburg o Location: Mississippi o History: The Siege of Vicksburg was a great victory for the Union. It gave control of the Mississippi River to the Union. Around the same time, the Confederate army under General Robert E. Lee was defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg. These two victories marked the major turning point of the Civil War in favor of the Union. o Geographic factors: located on a high bluff on the east bank of the Mississippi River across from Louisiana. o Why to buy: There are many advantages this land provides, the high bluff allows for over head attacks, the rifle pits and trenches surrounding Vicksburg can provide advantage as well as the above ground forts. 4 Gettysburg Location: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania History: The Battle of Gettysburg, fought in July 1863, was a Union victory that stopped Confederate General Robert E. Lee's second invasion of the North. More than 50,000 men fell as casualties during the 3-day battle, making it the bloodiest battle of the American Civil War. Geography: Hills provided the Union forces with strong defensive positions that helped them win. Hills include Little Round Top, Seminary Ridge, Devil's Den, and Culp's Hill. Why to buy: Gettysburg has a rolling terrain, between the hills there are a broad valley of fields, fences and woodlots at roughly 500 feet. The tall hills of Gettysburg allow for you to oversee your enemies and attack from above. 5 Atlanta Location: Atlanta, Georgia History: Union forces commanded by William T. Sherman, wanting to neutralize the important rail and supply hub, defeated Confederate forces defending the city under John B. Hood. After ordering the evacuation of the city, Sherman burned most of the buildings in the city, military or not. After taking the city, Sherman headed south toward Savannah, beginning the March to the Sea. Geography: There is a major supply hub and rai road stemming from the center of the city. Why to buy: Atlanta is in the perfect location, in addition to its commercial importance, there are plenty of railroads which make transportation very easy. This land was previously used as a center for military operations and as a supply route by the Confederate army during the Civil War. 6 Ulysses S. Grant Achievements: Led the Union Army in winning the American Civil War. Previous position: I served as the 18th president of the United States from 1869 to 1877. Why I am a good candidate: Due to my 2-term presidency I know how to make difficult decisions as well as work with others. Since I lead the Union army, I know how to be a strong leader and keep a goal in mind. 7 Robert E. Lee Achievements: I was an American and Confederate soldier in addition to being a commander of the Confederate States Army. I am also a distinguished as a national war hero. I have made large contributions to U.S land gains which led to westward expansion . Previous position: Commanded the Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from 1862-1865. Why I am a good candidate: I believe I am fit for this job due to my great experience in the military which has taught me the values of working with others. My contributions to westward expansion show that I will work hard for my goal. In addition, my experience as a commander makes me an experienced leader. 8 Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson Achievements: I graduated from West point. I was a confederate commander during the civil war. promoted to Brevet General to Lieutenant General in the army and I have been recognized as a hero after the Mexican-American War. Previous position: Confederate General during the American Civil War. Why I am a good candidate: I make an excellent candidate for many reasons such as my education from West Point as well as my experience as a commander. My experience as a leader in war can be easily applied to this position because I know how to work with others, and I know how to lead a team. 9 William T. Sherman Achievements: American soldier, businessman, educator, and author. Previous position: I served as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Why I am a good candidate: I believe I am a good candidate for this job because of my leadership skills. I helped lead the Union Army to victory during the Civil War. This has taught me how to be a successful and productive leader as well as learning how to cooperate to achieve a common goal. 10 Jefferson Davis Achievements: I was a prominent American soldier, secretary of war, and political figure who became the president of the Confederate States of America, Previous position: In 1846 I resigned his seat in Congress to serve in the Mexican-American War as a colonel in command of the First Mississippi volunteers. He became a national hero for winning the Battle of Buena Vista Why I am a good candidate: 11 Works Cited o o o o o o mplishments%3A,American%20dominance%20in%20the%20world. 0Tecumseh%20Sherman%2C%20(born%20February,Carolinas%20(1864%E2%80%9365). ran%20unsuccessfully,what%20became%20the%20Gadsden%20Purchase. 12 ...
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