Term 2 Essay-NATO.docx - NATO and combating terrorism Tamer Abdalla 250409553 Abhishek Joshi Terrorism is a predominant issue on the agendas of global

Term 2 Essay-NATO.docx - NATO and combating terrorism Tamer...

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NATO and combating terrorismTamer Abdalla250409553Abhishek Joshi
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Terrorism is a predominant issue on the agendas of global leader’s in the 21stcentury. TheUS and its allies consider terrorism as a top priority, primarily due to the 9/11 attacks on the US. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) consists of the US, Canada, and 23 other European allies. Defence against terrorism became an official NATO policy as result of the increased threat of terrorism on alliance members. Therefore, it is critical to understand NATOs effectiveness in combating terrorism. A variety of different opinions have been put forward of whether NATO is effective in combating terrorism. This essay will prove that NATO is not effective in combating terrorism because its role is a minor one that other organizations and stateshave led existing efforts in, it also does not have the military capabilities to effectively combat terrorism. In doing so, the essay will show the difference in NATO policy and Americas policy toNATO which control NATO role and supply of troops and equipment. The US advocated the seriousness of terrorism to NATO in the late 1990’s following Attacks in Saudi Arabia in 1996 followed by Kenya and Tanzania in 1998, But was not foreseen as an immediate threat to NATO and its members until the 9/11 attacks on the US. Consequently NATO adjusted its position, declaring on September 12th, 2001 that combating terrorism is an official policy, its policy emphasized that their goals are to “help deter, defend, disrupt, and protect against terrorist attacks.” Hence, the alliances use of military power to increase defensive measures, increase cooperation between military and non-military forces, manage consequences in the events of attacks against member states, and initiate offensive counterterrorism. (Nevers, 38) Understanding terrorism is crucial in understanding NATOs effectiveness in combating terrorism. Frequently, terrorist acts are committed to strike a state of fear in the audience of the victims. (Byman) That is for one to be a terrorist; one’s committed act must be politically
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motivated, directed towards non-combatants, and committed by a sub-national group, whereas, a sovereign state cannot be declared as a terrorist. (Nevers, 34) To effectively combat terrorism, improvements in decreasing and limiting terrorist attacks must be seen. Nevertheless, it must go about destroying and disturbing the structure of what are considered terrorist organizations, usingmilitary power and striving to delegitimize the groups cause by winning the hearts of the people, in doing so, they limit terrorist’s ability to recruit and further attack. In brief NATO plays a support role to US missions towards terrorism while not part taking or leading any attacks on possible terrorist’s targets. At the turn of the century, NATO perceived reducing the vulnerability, while enhancing their counter-terrorism capabilities as theirobligation to its members in the war on terrorism. On the contrary, the US stated that NATO’s
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