Running Head: CAUSE AND EFFECTS OF HURRICANE KATRINA 1Cause and Effects of Hurricane Katrina Student’s Name[Institution Affiliation]Date
CAUSE AND EFFECTS OF HURRICANE KATRINA 2Hurricane Katrina, one of the most deadly hurricanes in history, hit the U.S on August 29th, 2005. The paper will describe Hurricane Katrina itself, its strength built on the “Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale,” the magnitude of damage caused, and the losses suffered to the various cities involved. The “Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale” will be described in detail to understand the Hurricane Katrina intensity. The Saffir-Simpson scale is calibrated on a range of 1-5 based on the hurricane intensity at the current time. Significantly, the scale helps people who might be involved in a hurricane a better understanding of the probable damage that may be expected hence enabling them to be prepared for the outcome(Getis, Getis, & Fellmann, 2017, p.56). Accordingly, hurricanes in category 1 of the Saffir-Simpson scale are characterized by wind velocity ranging from 75-97 mph with damages caused by being negligible. Some of the damages that may be caused by this type of hurricanes will be to unfastened mobile houses, signposts, vegetation, and some light flooding. Hurricanes in Category 2 will have wind velocities ranging from 98-112 mph with reasonable damages. Category 2 hurricanes will cause substantial damage to mobile houses and trees accompanied by flooding of infrastructures near the coastal region.