Cornell Notes 439-446.pdf - Toward Total War u25cf u25cf...

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Toward Total War The military Carnage in 1862 revealed that the war would be long and costly Increasing the Civil war resembled the total wars that would come in the twentieth century Governments mobilized the entire resources of their societies and decreed that the lives and property of enemy civilians were legitimate objects of attack Lincoln organized an effective central government able to wage all-out war Eleven states of the confederacy remained suspicious of centralized rule amd southern yeoman grew increasingly skeptical of the war effort Mobilizing Armies and Civilians: Patriotic fervor filled both armies with eager young volunteers Southern call for volunteers was even more successful, thanks to its strong military tradition, supply of trained officers, and a culture that stressed duty and honor Enlistments declined as potential recruits The Military Draft: Confederacy acted first. New laws required existing soldiers to serve for 3 years between the ages 18-45. Some southerners refuse to serve because confederate constitution vested sovereignty in individual states. State judges issued writs of habeas corpus- legal instruments used to protect people from arbitrary arrest- and ordered the Confederate army to release reluctant draftees. However, congress overrode judge’s authority so government kept armies in field well into 1864.

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