Lecture 4 120 A 1

Lecture 4 120 A 1 - Lecture 4 120 A 1/17/08 Presidential...

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Lecture 4 120 A 1/17/08 Presidential Management 1. Competitive Model A. Characteristics- If bureaucrats compete with each other for information, the worst happens when everyone agrees. The president who made the most use of the Competitive model was FDR. His model had several characteristics: 1. Accessible to his advisors 2. FDR chose advisors with conflicting personalities and ideas, and placed these rivals where they would have to interact. Assigned intellectuals and aristocrats to state dept to deal with foly people. Put conservative and liberal men in charge of purchasing to create disputes. 3. Overlapping delegations of authority were used to spark competition. Put more than one ambitious person in charge of the same thing to spark competition. B. Advantages- Kept FDR at the center of the information network, this is because his advisors didn’t communicate with each other, but only through him, because they all were fighting. FDR’s advantage because info is power. Placed choices in FDR’s lap, because when disagreements arose, FDR was the only one with the authority to choose between members. Competition also allowed FDR to avoid having his cabinet from ganging up on him. Pushed the cabinet to constantly come up w new ideas and generate viable compromises. C. Disadvantages- System overloaded FDR. During times of war it got out of hand, with 47 agencies reporting to FDR. Appointed James Burns to be his assistant president to alleviate the burden. All the conflict led to low morale and resignations, because people didn’t like to compete for FDR’s favor. Led to inefficiency and double work. D. Requirements for success of Model 1. Must not bother president that advisors are fighting with one another 2. President must be able to manipulate people into thinking that he agrees with all of them 2. Formalistic model A. Truman 1. use of staff- hired the best men to overcome his shortcomings and relied on them, but reserved his power to make final decision, much like the judge 2. Delegation of authority- worked well when the men working for him were of high caliber,
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course POL SCI 120A taught by Professor Larson during the Winter '08 term at UCLA.

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Lecture 4 120 A 1 - Lecture 4 120 A 1/17/08 Presidential...

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