Lecture 3 PS 120A 1

Lecture 3 PS 120A 1 - Lecture 3 PS 120A F Collapse of Cold...

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Lecture 3 PS 120A 1/15/08 F. Collapse of Cold War Consensus 1973-1976 -congress started passing laws to restrain the President G. War Powers Act 1973 Over president Nixon’s veto Provisions to restore power to congress for declaring war Requires president to consult with congress where possible before committing troops into hostilities or situations where hostilities are imminent. President can then conduct a 60 day unofficial war, and then he gets a 30 day grace period to withdraw troops After 90 days the president must get a declaration of war or else congress has the right to withdraw troops War powers act seems to be pretty toothless, so why so ineffective? 1. Ambiguous language used in declaration 2. No definition of the word hostilities- also what is imminent 3. The wording of “where possible” when consulting with congress… presidents can claim many things saying it was not possible War powers act actually gives more power to president than he had before Example of 90 days- Greneda- No president has ever accepted the act as a binding legitimate act The supreme court has been reluctant to rule on it due to the difficult political issues At a time of crisis, congress usually rallies around the president, so war powers act hard to use 9/11 joint collaboration in congress to give president blank check to attack anyone he thought had helped the terrorists Bush Jr. only consulted congress after the fact on Iraq for solely political reasons, and outcome was not in accordance with war powers act H. Case act
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Requires the president to notify congress of executive agreements In august 1990, Cheney announced that they would protect Saudi Arabia- example of executive agreement Clinton-1994 agreement with N. Korea did not have to be ratified by senate 3. The president has certain built in advantages Reflect changes in the world
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course POL SCI 120A taught by Professor Larson during the Winter '08 term at UCLA.

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Lecture 3 PS 120A 1 - Lecture 3 PS 120A F Collapse of Cold...

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