lecture 12 120A

lecture 12 120A - Berlin Crisis 1958-1959- Issues of...

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Unformatted text preview: Berlin Crisis 1958-1959- Issues of whether or not germany should be a country- Whether or not they should have weapons- Crisis emerged out of trying to make western Europe credible 1. Sputnik Oct 1957 a. First Satellite i. Terrified Americans because it flew over their heads every night, beginning of space age ii. Highlighted US vulnerability, no longer protected by the Oceans iii. Made the Soviets look ahead of US, led to an examination of the educational system iv. Increase in school funding, new math fad v. The same rockets that launched sputnik into space could be used to shoot missiles at uS territory b. ICBM Capability i. Intercontinnental ballistic missiles ii. Prior to this the soviets were unable to strike us territory with no more than 30 minutes warning iii. Tested an ICBM in August 1958 iv. Would the US defend western Europe in the event of a soviet attack? 2. Decision to put nukes in Europe December 1957 a. NATO Council meeting Dec. 1957 i. Eisenhower meets to decide deterrence 1. US would put a nuclear stockpile in Europe that would be available to NATO 2. Intermediate range missiles in Europe targeted at USSR (IRBM) 3. Wanted to put them in I taly and Turkey a. Borders USSR, played a role in Cuban missile crises b. The placement of these missiles were the foundation for the first Berlin Crisis b. Soviet fear of German nuclear weapons i. W. Germany admitted into NATO but did not have access to weapons 1. US thought about sharing with W. Germany a. The Dual key lock on the missiles i. Was not known to Khrushchev c. Soviet proposition for disarmament in Europe i. No nukes in Germany, Czech, Poland ii. Wanted a Summit meeting for Central Europe 1. Dullas was suspicious d. Dullas Suspicions i. Worried that Eisenhower would make concessions so demanded the meeting be made at his own level so he could veto things ii. Wanted to put things on the agenda to block negotiations 3. Berlin Crisis a. Soviets put pressure on W. Berlin i. Allowed them to coerce the US by pushing an indefensible position b.b....
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lecture 12 120A - Berlin Crisis 1958-1959- Issues of...

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