Laws and legal frameworks pertaining minors dates back to many years ago.docx - Laws and legal frameworks pertaining minors dates back to many years ago

Laws and legal frameworks pertaining minors dates back to many years ago.docx

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Laws and legal frameworks pertaining minors dates back to many years ago. The code of Hammurabi established around 2270 B.C mentions disobedient minors and the roman civil law and church law differentiated between minors and adult offenders based upon the tenet of ‘age of responsibility’. The Jewish religious laws also recognises that age is a vital factor to be considered before issuing any form of punishment. The American separate system of justice has undergone a tremendous revolution over the past 100 years. Following in the traditions of the English laws, 18 th century juvenile offenders were handled just as adult offenders. In 1899, the first juvenile legal system was established in Chicago with the proponents basing their arguments on reduced juvenile accountability, lack of proper legal understanding and the youths increased chances of rehabilitation. Developments such as influx of immigrants to the United States and an increase in birth rates lead to unprecedented blooming of cities. An apparent increase in population, resulted in a high number of destitute children. Reformers of the American legal system acknowledging that urban youths and children of immigrants were more prone to deviant behaviour proposed an overhaul which will help in rehabilitation, and correction of deviant behaviour. Social ideological transformations in the social-cultural control of minors during the 19 th century which culminated in the creation of the first juvenile court on American soil cook county, Illinois , in 1889. The creation of the first Juvenile court was a result of prolonged effort of differentiating minor and adult offenders. The proponents of a juvenile legal system
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