07122007 - SOC 341 July 12, 2007 No Class Friday Test on...

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SOC 341 July 12, 2007 No Class Friday Test on Friday o Read chapter highlights o Be able to compare and contrasts in essays o No statistics Guns o The more weapons/guns juveniles have access to, the higher the juvenile crime rate Gangs o More than 750,000 gang members is U.S. o A growing proportion of juvenile homicides involve two or more perpetrators (kids kill in groups) Juvenile Justice Policy o More tough, the less crime Self-Reported Delinquency o To get actual numbers of youths who commit crimes (and not just those who are caught/arrested) and to get at individual-level characteristics of juvenile offenders o The number of youth who violate the law is a lot higher than official statistics lead us to believe as evidenced by self-reports What Self-Report Data Show o Even “typical” teenagers engage in serious delinquent acts o Juvenile crime is more of a problem than official statistics indicate o Self-Reports are more stable than official crime trends (reporting process fault?) o Questions about accuracy/validity of self-report data o Reporting accuracy differs by gender, race, and ethnicity
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SOC 341 July 12, 2007 For example, Hispanic females underreport their cocaine use Correlates of Delinquency o Examines “personal/social” characteristics associated with delinquent acts o This is used to find a solution to increasing rates o If “poverty” correlates, “increase jobs” to solve Gender and Delinquency o Males more delinquent than females 4:1 in violent crimes 2:1 in property crimes Arrest rate for males declining significantly, but increasing for females Both rates are lower than in the 1990s Women more delinquent cause of gender equality? Violent crimes still predominantly male o Girls are more likely to be arrested for running away from home Race and Delinquency o Even though for every five white juveniles age 5-17, there is one African-American juvenile. However, African-Americans are disproportionately arrested o Some argue that the reason is because of discrimination in the justice system; white offenders are treated informally while minorities are treated formally (arrested) o Self-report studies support this argument because in self-reports of delinquent behavior, there are few racial differences Bias Effects o Because minority youth are more likely to be arrested, discrimination at the beginning of the justice process may result in minorities receiving harsher punishments at the conclusion since punishments get harsher as arrests rise in number Race Matters o Some argue that race still matters regardless of institutional racism and minority youths offend at higher rates
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SOC 341 July 12, 2007 o This is because of socioeconomic inequality o Even when the economy is good for society in general, African Americans are left behind often, and this leads to feelings of frustration and hopelessness, which is hypothesized to make illegitimate activity more appealing
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07122007 - SOC 341 July 12, 2007 No Class Friday Test on...

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