07102007

07102007 - SOC 341 Megan Wright, M.A. Social Sciences 436,...

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SOC 341 July 10, 2007 Megan Wright, M.A. Social Sciences 436, TW 1PM-2PM [email protected] (520) 621-5765 Critical Thinking and Logic o Reflective Thinking Unreflective thinking is jumping to conclusions and accepting evidence and claims without thinking o Skilful thinking o Requires interpreting and evaluating information o Evaluation of assumptions o Asking of relevant questions o Extends implications Identifying Reasoning and Conclusions: The Language of Reasoning o Look for conclusions and evidence o So, Hence, Thus are conclusion words o Because, Since, For, Secondly are argument or evidence words Understanding Reasoning o Side-by-side reasons for a conclusion work for a conclusion independently o Chain of reasoning are dependent evidence that lead to a conclusion Assumptions, Context and a Thinking Map o Questions to ask: Are reasons acceptable? Does reasoning support conclusion? Are there relevant considerations/arguments which strengthen or weaken the case? What is your overall evaluation?
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SOC 341 July 10, 2007 Clarity and Interpretation o Common problems are vague terms, lack of examples, target audience, clarify, definitions, paraphrasing, comparing and contrasting, and backgrounds 5 types of claims o Factual claim – facts, evidence, data o Value judgment – opinionated idea o Definition – criteria, principles, definition o Causal explanation – explain why occurred o Recommendation – solution claim Assesing Credibility of a Claim o How certain does it claim to be? o
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course SOC 341 taught by Professor Wright during the Summer '07 term at Arizona.

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07102007 - SOC 341 Megan Wright, M.A. Social Sciences 436,...

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