Anthropocentrism and Environmental Ethics from mutunga.doc - Running head ANTHROPOCENTRISM AND ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS Anthropocentrism and Environmental

Anthropocentrism and Environmental Ethics from mutunga.doc...

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Running head: ANTHROPOCENTRISM AND ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS Anthropocentrism and Environmental Ethics Insert Name Institutional Affiliation
ANTHROPOCENTRISM AND ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS 2 Introduction Positioning of human beings such that they are viewed as a more significant species than the rest is referred to as anthropocentrism/humanocentrism. This is as a result of an exclusively human assessment perspective. In the field of environmental ethics and philosophy, anthropocentrism is a key concept that has often been considered as the cause to the eminent problems caused by environmental interaction. This is done through conscious acts and human nature (Hallen, 1995). Anthropocentrism forms the ground for naturalistic concepts of human rights. Proponents of anthropocentrism concur that universal human rights should be defended. This is supported by the argument that what matters morally is being human (Grey, 1993). They argue that denying human exceptionalism could result to tyranny. Intellectual foundation of humans’ freedom will break if it was held that humans did not possess a unique moral status. Wesley J. Smith contents that it is human exceptionalism that creates human duties to each other, and enables them to treat animals with humanity. He adds that humans are the only species with the capacity to contemplate on ethical issues and assume responsibilities. The reason behind this argument is that humans can differentiate between the right and wrong conduct. Summary of the argument There were environmental struggles that erupted in the Australia in the 1060s and 70s. At the time, there was an intimidating wood chipping along the Eastern Coast of the continent, and training was underway for young environmental activists. Two of the trainees, Val and Richard Routley, were philosophers based at the Australian National University. Their engagement in this activism unearthed and brought to their notice some unexamined values, commitments and
ANTHROPOCENTRISM AND ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS 3 assumptions by the conflicting parties, a confused political terrain, an ideology and emotion good enough for a philosophical analysis. They also realized that the pertinent environmental

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