07162007 - SOC 341 July 16, 2007 o o o Presentation on...

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SOC 341 July 16, 2007 o Presentation on Thursday, July 19, 2007 o Film / Class Activity on Wednesday o Friday is the exam Contemporary Trait Theory o Biological Traits Biosocial theory “the view that both thought and behavior have biological and social bases” Some argue that body chemistry or biochemical makeup impacts aggression/depression levels, which impact behavior Diet can influence behavior by impacting body chemistry Research shows that diet affects aggression levels—either directly or indirectly (e.g. poor diet may impact school performance, which impacts risk of delinquency) Diet lacking vitamins impairs brain functioning and increases aggressive behavior When diet in public school system improved to contain more vitamins and minerals, the number of children with learning disabilities significantly decreased and antisocial behavior decreased “It is possible that vitamins, minerals, chemicals, and other nutrients from a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can improve brain function, basic intelligence, and academic performance—all variables that have been linked to antisocial behavior” Hormonal Levels Some hypothesize that the reason violent behavior is more predominant in adolescence is because this is a time when hormonal activity is high; the surge in testosterone in teenage boys is linked to a surge in aggressive behavior during this time period Neurological Dysfunction
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SOC 341 July 16, 2007 Some hypothesize that brain damage or neurological deficits (minimal brain dysfunction—MBD) is responsible for delinquency o Inherited brain impairment, impairment caused by complications during pregnancy, or brain damage in childhood through abuse (physical, sexual, and emotional, which actually changes the brain structure causing depression and anxiety) Research shows that those who have these neurological problems at birth are more likely to become criminals Learning Disabilities Relationship between learning disabilities and delinquency; a much higher proportion of those incarcerated have LD than in the population o 10% of children have LD; 26-73% of incarcerated adolescents have LD o Susceptibility rationale—side effects of LD (impulsiveness) explain the association o School failure rationale o More likely to be arrested and incarcerated than non-LD LD and minimal brain dysfunction both associated with onset of deviant behavior and hyperactivity and aggressive behavior LD related to substance abuse because they create behaviors (low self-esteem or school failure) that may lead to using Women who abuse substances while pregnant are more likely to have a child who has LD ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) “a condition in which a child shows a developmentally inappropriate lack of attention, distractibility, impulsivity, and hyperactivity” o 5-7 times more likely if male o Not related to intelligence o 3-12% of population has it, but more common in adolescents (up to a third) o Treated by using stimulants
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course SOC 341 taught by Professor Wright during the Summer '07 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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07162007 - SOC 341 July 16, 2007 o o o Presentation on...

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