07172007 - SOC 341 July 17, 2007 o o o o o Presentation on...

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SOC 341 July 17, 2007 o Presentation on Thursday, July 19, 2007 o For exam, read summaries at the end of chapters and look at checkpoints on the side o Won’t ask to define, but know the theories! o Tomorrow, the film Kids o Exam Friday Social Control Theories o Weakened commitment to major social institutions (family, peers, and school). Lack of commitment allows antisocial behavioral choices o Travis Hirshi Theory Everyone could potentially commit crime because it is often pleasurable Their attachment or bond to society prevents it If bond is weakened, people will engage in antisocial behavior that they find pleasurable Social bond—weakening of any/all of these elements increases the risk of delinquency “attachment to parents, peers, and schools” “commitment to the pursuit of conventional activities” “involvement in conventional activities” “belief in [conventional] values” Evidence for Hirshi’s Theory Positive attachment DOES prevent/control delinquency Not attached are more likely to be delinquents Well in school are less likely to delinquency
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SOC 341 July 17, 2007 Strong positive family attachments have less attachment to delinquent peers, less likely How about those committed to success but don’t have the means to achieve it, which would produce strain? Social Reactions Theories o Some argue that how society reacts to behavior will influence the individual’s future behavior Being stigmatized is what creates a delinquent career Stigmatized “people who have been negatively labeled because of their participation, or alleged participation, in deviant or outlawed behaviors. o People may be delinquent for a variety of reasons, but once they are labeled as delinquent/deviant/mentally ill/addict, there can be profound negative consequences Parents treating them differently Neighbors avoid them Teachers may segregate them in class May be incarcerated o As they get negative feedback from society and significant others, adolescents may internalize the negative labels and go from a child with problems to a delinquent Self labeling Identity transformation Self-fulfilling prophecy Social Conflict Theories o The view that intergroup conflict, born out of the unequal distribution of wealth and power, is the root cause of delinquency o Society is composed of various groups that are in perpetual conflict for power o Law and Justice Law and justice system are just mechanisms for those with power to maintain their power and control those who don’t have any; the mechanism is through controlling the behavior of others through the legal system
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SOC 341 July 17, 2007 “impose their standard s of good behavior on the entire society” Protects their property and safety Keeps people who may threaten the social order Conflict Concept of Delinquency o Capital values – schools aid cause they prepare students for later labor force
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07172007 - SOC 341 July 17, 2007 o o o o o Presentation on...

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