Notes - March 13, 2008 Characteristics of Criminals/people...

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March 13, 2008 Characteristics of Criminals/people in prison and what affects it: -People in prison tend to be low income and didn’t have a job when they were arrested - When the number of lower level incomes go down crime level goes down -Not educated people-under half of people in prison have a high school education -substance abusers -Age 16-30-younger people tend to be put in prison-don’t see a 73 yr old rob a bank -Has a dysfunctional family -Male-not near as many female criminals but number of female criminals is rising rapidly -neighborhood you grow up in -mentally unstable -nationality Rational criminal model-represents most criminals-benefits and cost and criminals see them -problem-premeditated-not on impulse -Crimes of passion-wife cheats on husband and husband finds out and commits crime -Think differently when on drugs Not explanation for all crimes Cost of crime -Average crime cost $500-30,000 Police-12million crimes a year are reported-actual number is probably doubled -1.5 million violent crimes -10.5 million non-violent crimes -in one year we arrest 14 million people and imprison 360-375 thousand -New York City-about 32 thousand police Chicago-12-13 thousand police LA-9 thousand police
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Tucson-1,500 Visibility of police-if people see police they stay out of trouble -Don’t speed when you see cops -Cameras in Phoenix-a lot of people don’t like them but it stops people from speeding Prosecution and adjudication of crime-don’t spend a lot of money on this causes: -trial delay -plea-bargaining-don’t have staff to do prosecution or money to get staff Prison system-don’t let older people out even though they most likely wont commit any more violent crimes. March 6, 2008 Effects of supply on health care: Slow productivity Growth Health care is a service, and it is generally more difficult to increase productivity for services than for goods Patients rarely shop for the lowest prices when seeking medical care Changes in Medical Technology Some technological advances in medicine have decreased cost, e.g., vaccines for polio, smallpox, and measles. However, many new medicinal technologies have greatly increased the cost of medical care by increasing prices or extending procedures to a greater number of people. Advanced body scanners in place of x-rays, organ transplants, bone marrow transplants, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Supply and demand together Relative importance 1. Advances in technology 2. Medical ethic of best treatment 3. Private/Public health insurance 4. Fee- for -service physicians’ payments by health insurance firms
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34% of Americans want to change the health care system, while only 12% of Canadians want theirs to be changed. 32% of Americans have experienced medical mistakes in the past two years-it’s the highest out of all the other countries 49% of Americans were able to get an appointment the same or the next day when sick, Netherlands-75% highest, 36% Canadians-lowest How were insured- More than 1 in 5 Americans lack health care coverage or hold individual insurance
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Notes - March 13, 2008 Characteristics of Criminals/people...

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