Lecture Notes 01292008

Lecture Notes 01292008 - SOC 342 January 29, 2008 Social...

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SOC 342 January 29, 2008 Social Disorganization Theory (Shaw and McKay) o Crime rates were differentially distributed throughout the city, and areas of high crime rates had high rates of other community problems o Most delinquency occurred in the areas nearest the central business district decreased with the distance from the center o Some areas consistently suffered high delinquency rates, regardless of the ethnic makeup of the population o High delinquency areas were characterized by a high percentage of immigrants, non- whites, and low-income families and a low percentage of home ownership o In high-delinquency areas there was a general acceptance of non-conventional norms, but these norms competed with conventional ones held by some of the inhabitants o Limits Focus on transmission of crime patterns, rather than how they start Doesn’t explain why delinquents stop committing crime as they grow older Most people in socially disorganized areas do not commit crime Why do some bad neighborhoods seem to be insulated from crime Does not come to grips with middle-class delinquency Differential Association Theory (Edwin Sutherland) o Criminal behavior is learned
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Lecture Notes 01292008 - SOC 342 January 29, 2008 Social...

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