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CELLS.pdf - Gelido, Jacklyn B. BSMT 1-E 1. Nucleus...

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Gelido, Jacklyn B.BSMT 1-E1.PartsFunctionPlasma membraneSeparates the cell from its external environment andis selectively permeable (controls what gets in andout).It protects the cell and provides stability.CytoplasmOrganelles are found here and substances like saltsmay be dissolved in the cytoplasm.NucleusThe nucleus is the "control center" of the cell, forcell metabolism and reproduction.Rough Endoplasmic ReticulumContains ribosomes, transports proteins and othermaterialsSmooth EndoplasmicReticulumContains no ribosomes, stores proteinsNucleolusNucleusLysosomeSmooth EndoplasmicReticulumGolgi ApparatusRough Endoplasmic ReticulumRibosomesCytoplasmPlasma membraneMitochondriaCytoskeletonCentriolesChromatin
RibosomesProduce protein.They could be thought of as"factories” in the cell.Golgi ApparatusTemporarily stores protein which can then leave thecell via vesicles pinching off from the Golgi.LysosomesContains strong digestive enzymes which whenreleased can break down worn out organelles orfood.The lysosome is also known as a suicide sac.MitochondriaThe mitochondria are often referred to as the"powerhouse" of the cell.It releases food energyfrom food molecules to be used by the cell.Thisprocess is called respiration.CytoskeletonGives the cell structure, helps in moving cell partsaround.CentriolesHelps in cell division, specifically in cytokinesis.ChromatinThin strands of DNA and proteins found in thenucleus of a cell.NucleolusThis is where ribosomes are produced.Reference:Cowan. (n.d.).Cell parts and functions. Retrieved from Van De Vall, T. (2014).Printable animal cell diagramlabeled, unlabeled, and blank. Retrieved from2.
Reference:Khan Academy. (n.d.).Structure of the plasma membrane.Retrieved from /science/high-school-biology/hs-cells/hs-the-cell-membrane/a/structure-of-the-plasma-membrane3.MitochondriaTheglycerol-3-phosphate shuttlehappens in the mitochondria and allows the NADHsynthesized in the cytosol by glycolysis to contribute to the oxidative phosphorylation pathway inthe mitochondria to generate ATP. It has been found in animals, fungi, and plants.Plasma membraneGlutamate Metabolismis a biochemical pathway that happens in the plasma membrane.Glutamate is one of the non-essential amino acids that is produced by the body. Glutamate isprecursor for many nucleic acids and proteins in addition to its role in the central nervous system.It is an excitatory neurotransmitter and has a role in neuronal plasticity, affecting memory andlearning. Glutamate plays a role in numerous metabolic pathways.NucleusPrednisolone Metabolism Pathwayis an examples of drug metabolism pathways that happensin the nucleus of a cell. Prednisolone is a synthetic glucocorticoid that is used clinically for itsanti-inflammatory properties. Prednisolone diffuses passively across the cell membrane, where it

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Term
Spring
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Tags
Adenosine triphosphate, Prednisolone, Khan Academy

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