Psych Article #2 - Sayndia Sando PSY 100-D1 Article...

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Sayndia Sando PSY 100-D1: Article Analysis #2 Dr. DiYanni 10/16/19 Introduction: A study was conducted by Farah Ghosn, and some other staff of the University of Valencia called, “Attentional Patterns to Emotional Faces Versus Scenes in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders”. It looked at how children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) respond to various emotional faces and scenes versus children who do not have ASD. Method: For this study, Ghosn and her team gathered forty-eight children between the ages of 6 and 12 years old. The ASD diagnosed children who took part in the study were recruited from the regional hospital located in Valencia, Spain. The control group consisted of 24 healthy children, and the experimental group of 24 children diagnosed with ASD. Furthermore, all of the ASD diagnoses were verified by an expert clinical opinion before the study began and the healthy children were required to report an absence of psychiatric history. The material used consisted of 84 static social scenes, selected from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS). These scenes were a mix of sad, happy, neutral, and threatening. In each trial, two scenes appeared as cues. So there were 12 types of experimental trials in all: 12 happy-neutral, 12 sad-neutral, and 12 threatening-neutral. For the emotional stimuli, 84 static facial expressions were used, half female and half male. These faces also had an equal representation of age as well as gender. The experimental trials for the facial cues followed
similarly to the previous trial: 12 happy-neutral, 12 sad-neutral, and 12 angry-neutral.

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