Chapter 4.docx - Chapter 4 The Muscular System 1 Word Parts bi twice double two-cele hernia tumor swelling dys bad difficult or painful fasci\/o fascia

Chapter 4.docx - Chapter 4 The Muscular System 1 Word Parts...

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Chapter 4: The Muscular System 1. Word Parts bi- twice, double, two -cele hernia, tumor, swelling dys- bad, difficult, or painful fasci/o fascia, fibrous band fibr/o fibrous tissue, fiber -ia abnormal condition, disease, plural of -ium -ic pertaining to kines/o , kinesi/o movement my/o muscle -plegia paralysis, stroke -rrhexis rupture tax/o coordination, order ten/o , tend/o , tendin/o tendon, stretch out, extend, strain ton/o tone, stretching, tension tri- three 2. Medical Terms Abduction : movement of a limb away from the midline of the body Adductio n: movement of a limb toward the midline of the body Adhesion : a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together normally Ataxia: the lack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement Atonic: lacking normal muscle tone or strength Atrophy: weakness or wearing away of body tissues and structures Bradykinesia: extreme slowness in movement Carpal tunnel syndrome: inflammation and swelling of the tendons that pass through the carpal tunnel, which then create pressure on the median nerve Chronic fatigue syndrome: a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that is not improved by bed rest and may be made worse by physical or mental activity Circumduction: the circular movement at the far end of a limb Contracture: the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with non-elastic fibrous tissues
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