1Topic 1: IntroLesson 1: Sampling of food topics(topic.lesson.video)1.1.2:-pomegranateshave anticancer properties because it contains aromatase inhibitors.oBreast cancer cell pomegranates juice multiply slower.-Dried apricotsin foothills of HimalayasoContains beta-carotene(an antioxidant)oApricot extracts or apricots pits sold as health itemHowever, laetrile is extracted from apricot pits. Laetrileis a bogus cancer remedyThe research says apricots contain cyanide, and cyanidecan preferentially can kill cancer cells.1.1.3:-FlaxseedoContains omega-3 fats. (not as biologically active as the ones found in fish)Reduction in risk of cardiac arrhythmia, and the stories about pregnant women with flax seeds intheir data giving birth to more intelligent children.oContains lignansEstrogen-likepropertiesPhytoestrogen, or plant-based estrogens (controversial chemical, because chemicals that acts like estrogen can have strong biological effects, both pros/cons)Eating lignans can have effect on breast cancer (effect has only been seen in premenopausal, overweight women)Intake of flax seeds (liganans) reduces risk of breast cancer.oSome breast cancers are stimulated by overproduction of estrogen.oLignans blocks estrogen receptorsoContains all kinds of fiber(both soluble and insoluble)Fiber is indigestibleFiber is manipulated by bacteria in colon. (some of it is absorbed, while rest is excreted) – laxative effectSoluble fibercan reduce cholesterolInsoluble fiberhas beneficial effect of speeding substances through the gut, regulating us.oMaking bread/bagel with flaxseed-Omega-3 eggsoEggs linked to heart disease, because egg yolk contains large amount (~300mg) of cholesterol.High blood level of cholesterol linked to heart diseaseNot the same as saying egg is linked to heart disease, but the market still thinks that eggs are danger.Sales of fish have been increasingoBenefits of omega-3 X (or omega-3 fats)oHow can egg market use this fact with omega-3?How to get omega-3 fats in to egg?
2Feed fish meal to the chickens (side affect: making the egg fishy)Feed flaxseed to the chickens (increase omega-3 fat level in the egg)-Trans fatoTrans fat used (donut example) because it does not break down easilyTrans fat raises the level of cholesteroloOat brancan lower cholesterol leveloat bran used to be common animal feedhow much oat bran we need it to have effect on cholesterol level?A soluble fiber called Beta glucan lowers the cholesterol level (3g/day)o1 cup of oat brano3-5 muffinso1.5 cups of oatmeal (very good!)o5 servings of Cheerios (not easy, not good because of sugar content)1.1.4:-Use of calcium propionateas preservativesfor food (ex, white bread)oPropionate are does not have negative effect on health.