AP_English_and_College_Composition_Are_A.docx - Abstract...

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AbstractThis thesis looks at Advanced Placement English Language (AP) and Composition and First-Year Composition (FYC) in order to determine their comparability. The College Board claims that AP English is equivalent to FYC. The research conducted in order to prove that AP is not comparable enough to FYC consists of discussing the College Board’s standards for AP, the Writing Program Administrators’ outcomes for FYC, and five colleges and universities’ FYC outcomes in the state of Virginia. These outcomes and standards are compared and used to show where there is and is not overlap with these outcomes for students to be exempt from a first-year writing course at the university level. The last aspect is based on dissertations and studies done about the effectiveness of AP and students’ reactions to the difference in AP and FYC. The research done and discussed in this thesis doesn’t come to a definitive conclusion, but instead I suggest that AP students should have to take an advanced FYC course instead of being offered exemption from FYC. This research provides suggestions for students that are successful on the AP exam and the courses they should be offered upon entering college. Erika L. Nicholas, M.A.Department of English, 2015Radford Universityii
Table of ContentsPageAbstract............................................................................................................................................iiTable of Contents............................................................................................................................iiiIntroduction......................................................................................................................................1Chapter 1........................................................................................................................................12Chapter 2........................................................................................................................................30Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................57Works Cited...................................................................................................................................64Appendix A....................................................................................................................................67Appendix B....................................................................................................................................68iii
IntroductionOver the years, Advanced Placement programs have gained popularity because of the rigor these courses offer and the appeal of saving time and money with success on the end-of-year exam. The AP program offers many different AP courses, two of which fall under the umbrella of “AP English.” I am focusing my discussion around AP Language and Composition because its focus is on rhetoric and the skills of this course most closely align with FYC. The AP Literature and Composition course focuses on the analysis of literature, which is not the primary focus in FYC, so when I refer to AP English I am specifically referring to the Language and Composition course. I am in agreement with David Jolliffe in that the emphasis should be placement,not exemptionbecause it is, in fact, called Advanced Placement(Hansen & Farris foreword). I will discuss several aspects of AP and FYC to show that an emphasis on placement is essential.The Advanced Placement (AP) program began in the 1950s because prestigious preparatory schools realized that their advanced students were not being challenged enough. These schools teamed up with the College Board to give these students an opportunity to “begin working on introductory college coursework while in high school and avoid repetition once they matriculated at one of the partnering universities” (Hansen & Farris 17). Following the inception of the AP program, the College Board, in partnership with Educational Testing Services (ETS) administered the first AP exams in 1954. This first AP English class that was developed was the

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