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Jeffrey Tai 215566052 2019-05-13 Sue Gallagher SOWK2020 Goodfellas: Addiction theory applied to the gangster lifestyle
Introduction Wayne Skinner and Marilyn Herie developed the Bio-Psycho-Social Plus (BPS+) model to provide medical practitioners with a more effective understanding on individuals who suffer from addictive behaviors and substance abuse. A valuable aspect within this approach is that the five dimensions are interconnected and interdependent to each other which further aids society with developing improved methods for addiction prevention, treatment and recovery (Skinner, 2016). The BPS+ model will be applied onto Henry Hill, the main character of the movie Goodfellas , to better understand his addictive tendencies. Goodfellas starts off with Henry Hill as a teenager, where he prioritizes his job at a local cab stand ran by local gangsters over school. With the individuals he is affiliated with he begins to crave the extravagant lifestyle the mafia live. His Boss Paul introduces him to Jimmy, a prestigious mafia member and Tommy, a hot-headed thug. He takes orders with Jimmy and Tommy by his boss and is always successful and efficient, to the extent where he becomes well known by locals due to his accumulated wealth. In 1970, Henry marries Karen and she learns about what he does for a living, she turns a blind eye since she enjoys the wealth coming into her life. Henry and his affiliate Jimmy travel to Tampa for a job and mess with an individual that owes Paul money, but turns out that individual’s sister was an FBI typist and turns them in. Sentenced to 10 years in jail. While in jail he continues to sell drugs. Once he does his time, Paul warns him to quit it with the drugs, yet he is so in love with this delinquent lifestyle he continues doing so. In 1978, the trio pull off the Lufthansa heist, which net them around 5 million dollars. This leads to their fellow associates flashing their money around and Jimmy whacks them all. Henry becomes a nervous wreck due to constant cocaine use and insomnia. On May 11 th , 1980, he is arrested again for narcotic charges in his own driveway. While Karen is in the house she flushes 60 thousand dollars worth of cocaine down the toilet. The movie ends with Henry cutting
ties with his past life and enrolling in the Witness Protection Program to protect him and his family from his past affiliates. Psychological The psychological aspect of the BPS+ model investigates the study of mind such that desires, and motives makes certain individuals act a specific way and how external rewards and punishments can lead to addiction (Skinner, 2016). For example, in the book In the hungry realm of hungry ghosts by Mate he displays a hypothetical situation where ‘you’ see a chocolate bar and there is desire to consume it, you’ve had a similar chocolate bar and the experience brought joy. With the presence of the new bar dopamine is released in the NA stimulating you to take a bite (2008). Your reward? Pleasure and a good experience.

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