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Running head: PERSONAL COUNSELING THEORY 1Personal Counseling Theory Julie Bliss Liberty University
PERSONAL COUNSELING THEORY 2AbstractThis paper will examine the students evolving counseling theories in, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Person-Centered Therapy (PCT). The paper will cover in detail the key underlying mechanisms which lead to meaningful change in the client for each type of therapy, along with describe key treatment strategies in which they relate to the client’s therapy outcome. The student will also incorporate the client’s factors influencing distress such as, backgrounds, emotions, sensations, thoughts, actions, and family cultural systems. While the major emphasis will be positioned around the two therapy models, their strategies to include weaknesses and strengths, and empirical views, the student will also integrate Christian worldview and highlight spiritual benefits within the two different therapy models. To conclude the paper, there will be a conclusion that will summarize the student’s findings of the listed therapy models. Keywords: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Person – Centered Therapy, Christian Worldview
PERSONAL COUNSELING THEORY 3Personal Counseling Theory In society today daily people are faced with circumstances that can be traumatic or unexpected. There are a wide range of emotions to consideration in response. However, there areother contributing factors each client is faced with in combination with those emotions that include the client’s background, thoughts, actions, spirituality, along with their family and cultural systems. Therefore, expecting each client to benefit from the same counseling therapy model is unrealistic. The two counseling models that appeal to my personal emerging theory include Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Person-Centered Therapy (PCT). Having full knowledge of how these approaches can work best for a client is key. When considering the best approach considering the client’s spiritual relationship is a crucial element for the client’s successin therapy. Client DemographicsToday in the United States, client demographics vary dramatically. There once was a timethat client demographics consisted of either single, married, middle aged and majority single racestatus. However, today the client demographics have changed to include mixed race status, same – sex couples, transgender, wide range of ages, blended families, co- parenting, unmarried families, single parents, and grandparent caregivers. Prior to any counseling session it is important to have every client complete a client intake form that includes information about the client’s demographics. This allows the therapist some insight into their future client before the intake session.