Lecture 18 (3-15)

Lecture 18 (3-15) - When, Where and What Premodern Humans...

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When, Where and What Premodern Humans of the Middle Pleistocene A Review of Middle Pleistocene Evolution Middle Pleistocene Culture Neandertals: Premodern Humans of the Upper Pleistocene Culture of Neandertals Trends in Human Evolution: Understanding Premodern Humans The Pleistocene The Pleistocene, often called the Ice Age, was marked by advances and retreats of massive continental glaciations. At least 15 major and 50 minor glacial advances have been documented in Europe. Hominins were impacted as the climate, flora, and animal life shifted. Middle Pleistocene (780,000– 25,000 y.a.) Upper Pleistocene (125,000–10,000 y.a.) Review of Middle Pleistocene Evolution (400,000-125,000 y.a.) Like the erects/sapiens mix in Africa and China, fossils from Europe exhibit traits from both species. Fossils from each continent differ, but the physical differences are not extraordinary. There is a definite increase in brain size and a change in the shape of the skull. Middle Pleistocene Tools African and European H. heidelbergensis invented the Levallois technique for tool making. Acheulian tools are associated with hand axes. Different tool traditions coexist in some areas. Culture of Neandertals
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course ANTHRO 1 taught by Professor Wilkie during the Spring '08 term at Berkeley.

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Lecture 18 (3-15) - When, Where and What Premodern Humans...

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